Legal & Lawful Notice: California 

Name of company:

ALLINE CONSULTING

Registered Post office Box:

Post Office Box 890181 Temecula California Republic [92589-0181] 

Contact details:

msanfilippo@allineconsulting.com

Business: California Government Code 11120 - 54950 

It is the public policy of this state that public agencies exist to aid in the conduct of the people’s business and the proceedings of public agencies be conducted openly so that the public may remain informed. In enacting this article the Legislature finds and declares that it is the intent of the law that actions of state agencies be taken openly and that their deliberation be conducted openly. The people of this state do not yield their sovereignty to the agencies which serve them. The people, in delegating authority, do not give their public servants the right to decide what is good for the people to know and what is not good for them to know. The people insist on remaining informed so that they may retain control over the instruments they have created”

Regulatory authority : California Government Code 100 California Constitution

(a) The sovereignty of the state resides in the people thereof, and all writs and processes shall issue in their name.

(b) The style of all process shall be The People of the State of California, and all prosecutions shall be conducted in their name and by their authority.

California Constitution:The state of California admission into the union happened in 1850 on September 9th. Please Review “ Whereas, the people of California have presented a constitution and asked admission into the Union, which constitution was submitted to Congress by the President of the United States, by message date February thirteenth, eighteen hundred and fifty, and which, on due examination, is found to be republican in its form of government” (Cal 1850). 

California Constitution 1849: https://archive.org/details/constitutionofst1849cali/page/n7/mode/2up

California Constitution 1849:https://nationalgreatregistry.country/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/CONSTITUTION-OF-THE-STATE-OF-CALIFORNIA.output.compressed.pdf

California Constitution 1879: https://archives.cdn.sos.ca.gov/collections/1879/archive/1879-constitution.pdf

Please review: Law Notice;California’s “1879 Constitution” created administrative law separate from constitutional law established by the 1849 Constitution, which remains in effect; It is a fact that "citizens of California" were never authorized to vote for the "adoption" of the 1879 quasi/constitution. Only "citizens of the United States" were authorized to vote for the 1879 quasi/constitution see Exhibit B. Note that "exhibit B" acknowledged that it is was a revision of "exhibit A". The express statement of "citizen of California" 

The answer is: it does not matter. There was no amendment to California’s 1849 constitution to change ratification from ‘the people’ to ‘citizens of the United States’ regardless of what definition was intended. Furthermore, California’s 1849 constitution was not repealed or replaced and the so-called 1879 California constitution has no enabling act. California legislators merely presented a new constitution in 1880 without due process. Void!!!

Law notice; Review Link California Constitution 1879: https://ia804508.us.archive.org/28/items/californias-1879-constitution-created-administrative-law/california%27s%201879%20constitution%20created%20administrative%20law.pdf

Therefore, reasonable conclusions from the above findings are the following: 

1. The 1879 California constitution was not lawfully ratified in accord with the 1849 Constitution, i.e. ratified by the people.

2. The 1849 California Constitution remains in effect. 

3. The 1879 constitution created a new form of law –administrative law 1 – separate from the de jure law established by the 1849 Constitution. 

4. The 1879 constitution, along with its amendments and revisions currently in effect as California codes is voluntarily acquiesced to by anyone entering into the jurisdiction of said codes via contract, or request for benefit or privilege.2 

5. What the state purports to be the current Constitution –California Code– is not law because codes do not have enabling acts and codes do not apply to anyone who has no contract with the de facto State Government 3 .

"Time cannot render valid an act void in its origin." – Maxim of Law 

California Constitution : https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codesTOCSelected.xhtml?tocCode=CONS&tocTitle=+California+Constitution+-+CONS

"All laws, rules and practices which are repugnant to the Constitution are null and void" [Marbury v. Madison, 5th US (2 Cranch) 137, 180] 

STATUTES ARE NOT LAW; Continued education and training link; http://fourwinds10.com/siterun_data/government/judicial_and_courts/common_law/news.php?q=1549469587

No public policy of a state can be allowed to override the positive guarantees of the U.S. Constitution [for the united States of America].” 16 Am Jur 2d, Const. Law, Sect 70 

Constitution of the united States of America 1787: https://statenational-downloads.s3.amazonaws.com/education/Organic%20laws%20founding%20papers%20.pdf

Constitution for the United States of America: https://constitution.org/1-Constitution/constit_.htm

Constitution of the (United States) of America:https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution 

"Where rights secured by the Constitution are involved, there can be no rule making or legislation which would abrogate them." Miranda v. Arizona, 384 US 436, 491.

“Republican government. One in which the powers of sovereignty are vested in the people and are exercised by the people, either directly, or through representatives chosen by the people, to whom those powers are specially delegated. In re Duncan, 139 U.S. 449, 11 S.Ct. 573, 35 L.Ed. 219; Minor v. Happersett, 88 U.S. (21 Wall.) 162, 22 L.Ed. 627." Black's Law Dictionary, Fifth Edition, p. 626. The people of this State, as the successors of its former sovereign, are entitled to all the rights which formerly belonged to the King by his prerogative." Lansing v. Smith, 4 Wend. 9 (N.Y.) (1829), 

Regulatory authority in your state will be determined in the one on one consultation. The action plan will reflect a clear transparent and achievable transition.

Regulatory authority in the 50 States Republics

We the people of the United States of America the supreme authority.

Amendment V: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Amendment V:https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/fifth_amendment

Amendment VII: In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

Amendment VII : https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/seventh_amendment

CONFIRMATIO CARTARUM [26]
October 10, 1297


EDWARD, by the grace of God, King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Guian[27], to all those that these present letters shall hear or see, greeting. Know ye that we, to the honour of God and of Holy Church, and to the profit of our realm, have granted for us and our heirs, that the Charter of liberties, and the Charter of the forest[28], which were made by common assent of all the realm, in the time of King HENRY our father, shall be kept in every point without breach. (2) And we will that the same charters shall be sent under our seal, as well to our justices of the forest, as to others, and to all sheriffs of shires, and to all our other officers, and to all our cities throughout the realm, together with our writs, in the which it shall be contained, that they cause the foresaid charters to be published, and to declare to the people that we have confirmed them in all points; (3) and that our justices, sheriffs, mayors, and other ministers, which under us have the laws of our land to guide, shall allow the said charters pleaded before them in judgement in all their points, that is to wit, the Great Charter as the common law[*] and the Charter of the forest, for the wealth of our realm.

Confirmatio Cartarum link: https://www.1215.org/lawnotes/lawnotes/cartarum.htm

The COURT takes Judicial Cognizance and decrees the following law

5. AND for so much as divers people of our realm are in fear that the aids and tasks[29] which they have given to us beforetime towards our wars and other business, of their own grant and good will (howsoever they were made) might turn to a bondage to them and their heirs, because they might be at another time found in the rolls, and likewise for the prises taken throughout the realm by our ministers: (2) We have granted for us and our heirs, that we shall not draw such aids, tasks, nor prises into a custom, for any thing that hath been done heretofore, be it by roll or any other precedent that may be founden.

Amendment XIII : If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim, receive, or retain any title of nobility or honour, or shall without the consent of Congress, accept and retain any present, pension, office, or emolument of any kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince, or foreign power, such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them, or either of them.

Amendment XIII : https://statenational-downloads.s3.amazonaws.com/education/The%20Original%20Thirteenth%20Amendment.pdf

Amendment XIV / U.S. CONSTITUTION : https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution

Section 1.

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Amendment XIV Section 1 : https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/amendmentxiv

NOBILITY. An order of men in several countries to whom privileges are granted at the expense of the rest of the people. 2. The constitution of the United States provides that no state shall " grant any title of nobility; and no person can become a citizen ot' the United States until he has renounced all titles of nobility." 

NOBILITY: https://webstersdictionary1828.com/Dictionary/Nobility

U.S. Constitution Article I Section 10 Power Denied States Clause 1 Proscribed Powers

No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.

U.S. Constitution Article I Section 10 Power Denied States Clause 1 Proscribed Powers:https://constitution.congress.gov/browse/article-1/section-10/clause-1/

Administrative Procedure Act: The Administrative Procedure Act (APA) is a federal act that governs the procedures of administrative law. The APA is codified in 5 U.S.C. §§ 551–559.

Administrative Procedure Act: https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/administrative_procedure_act

"The attempt of a State Officer to enforce an unconstitutional statute is a proceeding without authority... is an illegal act, and the officer is stripped of his official charter and is subjected in his person to the consequences of his individual conduct. The State has no power to impart to its officer immunity from responsibility to the supreme authority of the United States." Ex Parte Young, 209 U. S. 123, (1908). [Supreme Authority = Private men and women "we the people".] 

 

SUPPORT: WETHEPEOPLELIBERTYNOW @ https://www.givesendgo.com/wethepeoplelibertynow

 

We The people's Liberty 
"Great Writ of Liberty." It was the only known privilege or right that became stronger with the passage of time.

Habeas Corpus 

 

In America, everyone can be sovereign. When you move for habeas corpus, you are activating your own court, which is separate and distinct from their court. You sit in judgment of the jurisdiction of their court. When you order them to produce the injured party and to demonstrate the injury, and when they fail to produce, then your court can issue an order to dismiss the case for lack of jurisdiction. Your court is a court of record and takes precedence over the statutory court.

 



We the people's liberty is Supreme Authority!!!

When Challenged: OBJECTION!!! DEMAND COURT OF RECORD!!
California Constitution Article VI Section 1.

ARRAIGNMENT, crim. law practice. Signifies the calling of the defendant to the bar of the court, to answer the accusation contained in the indictment. It consists of three parts.

1. Calling the defendant to the bar by his name, and commanding him to hold up his hand;  OBJECTION! FOR THE RECORD, I AM THE ADMINISTRATOR, SECURED PARTY, OF THAT ENTITY YOU HAVE VOICED,  WE DEMAND A COURT OF RECORD, CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION ART VI SEC 1, YOU MAY PROCEED! 

2. The reading of the indictment to enable him fully to understand, the charge to be produced against him; OBJECTION! FOR THE RECORD WE DEMAND A COURT OF RECORD, CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION ART VI SEC 1, YOU MAY PROCEED!

3. After this is concluded, the clerk proceeds to the third part, by adding, " How say you, A B, are you guilty or not guilty?" OBJECTION! FOR THE RECORD, WE DEMAND A COURT OF RECORD, CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION ART VI SEC 1, BEFORE WE CAN PROCEED IN THE COUNTERCLAIM, THE COURT REQUESTS, OATH OF OFFICE, AND SURETY BOND INFORMATION, OF JUDGE, AND PROSECUTING ATTORNEY, WE SUBMIT OUR FEE SCHEDULE, UCC 1 FINANCIAL STATEMENT, AND RECOGNIZE CANON 2057 LAW, TBD, AND READING, RECORDING OF THESE DOCUMENTS ON TO THE COURT RECORD.. BEFORE ANY BUSINESS CAN BE CONDUCTED IN THE COUNTERCLAIM!!! AFTER ALL HAVE BEEN READ AND RECORDED WE CAN SET A COURT DATE TO MOVE FORWARD!!!  

The only difference between an action at law and a counterclaim in a court of record is that the original parties have their identifications changed. The defendant becomes the counterplaintiff, and the plaintiff becomes the counterdefendant. Other than that, the counterclaim is written the same as an action at law.

The decisions and proceedings of an inferior court are not presumed to be valid. The inferior court can be sued in a superior court (that's called a "collateral attack"). In other words, the superior court (court of record) out ranks the inferior court not of record".

When you do a counterclaim, the primary issue is jurisdiction. By what authority does the inferior court presume to take jurisdiction over the parties? When the counterclaim is filed, all parties in the inferior court, and the inferior court itself, are served with the suit. Because the primary issue is jurisdiction, the proceedings in the inferior court must stop immediately and may not proceed until it proves in the superior court that it has jurisdiction. If it fails to prove its jurisdiction, then the final judgment of the superior court will be that the inferior court had no jurisdiction and all proceedings thereafter are barred.

OBJEC'TION, noun [Latin objectio.]

1. The act of objecting. 2. That which is presented in opposition; adverse reason or argument. The defendant urged several objections to the plaintiff's claims. 3. That which may be offered in opposition; reason existing, though not offered, against a measure or an opinion. We often have objections in our minds which we never offer or present in opposition.

California Constitution Article VI - Judicial  Section 1.                                                 Universal Citation: https://law.justia.com/constitution/california/article-vi/section-1/

The judicial power of this State is vested in the Supreme Court, courts of appeal, and superior courts, all of which are courts of record.             

WE DEMAND  _A_ court of record !!!

OUR FEE SCHEDULE: /wp-content/uploads/go-x/u/b617ee29-f614-475b-b528-ff448db2005d/MASTER-Fee-Schedule.docx2020.docx

CANON 2057Any Administrator or Executor that refuses to immediately dissolve a Cestui Que (Vie) Trust, upon a Person establishing their status and competency, is guilty of fraud and fundamental breach of their fiduciary duties requiring their immediate removal and punishment. One can take control of it the Trust Estate or “Dissolve” it completely and move all Asset to your own account and take control of your Copyright Name and NAME Trademark and Trade-name.

UCC- 1 FINANCIAL STATEMENT:/wp-content/uploads/go-x/u/8fa65234-3b8e-4fd3-a220-5a4b5ef145ce/UCC1_1.pdf

Counterclaim action:/wp-content/uploads/go-x/u/2b552cfe-48f9-4180-82b8-7e63a607f787/counterclaim2023.rtf

Law of the case: /wp-content/uploads/go-x/u/1d49fef7-fde1-4044-9361-d92317acab7e/lawofthecase2023allineconsultingmay.rtf

WE THE PEOPLE ARE GUARANTEED LIBERTY 

WE HAVE THESE LIBERTIES GUARANTEED THROUGH THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

LIBERTY. Freedom from restraint. The power of acting as one thinks fit, without any restraint or control, except from the laws of nature.

2. Liberty is divided into civil, natural, personal, and political.

3. Civil liberty is the power to do whatever is permitted by the constitution of the state and the laws of the land. It is no other than natural lib-erty, so far restrained by human laws, and no further, operating equally upon all the citizens*, as is necessary and expedient for the general advantage of the public. 1 Black. Com. 125; Paley's Mor. Phil. B. 6, c.5; Swifts Syst. 12

Bouvier's Law Dictionary 1856 (L)

Citizen-national * or state citizen* ....................(Not US Citizen)

 

ANYTHING LESS THAN OUR LIBERTY IS  A DEPRIVATION OF OUR RIGHT TO LIBERTY! SUPPORT OUR CAMPAIGN: 

                        WETHEPEOPLELIBERTYNOW @ https://www.givesendgo.com/wethepeoplelibertynow

 OUR GOAL IS TO HELP!!! PROTECT THESE RIGHTS!!!



WE THE PEOPLE RIGHTS!!!

DEPRIVATION OF RIGHTS!!!

TITLE 18, U.S.C. SECTION 241: Conspiracy against rights If two or more persons conspire to injure, oppress, threaten, or intimidate any person in any State, Territory, Commonwealth, Possession, or District in the free exercise or enjoyment of any right or privilege secured to him by the Constitution or laws of the United States, or because of his having so exercised the same; or

TITLE 18, U.S.C. SECTION 242 : Whoever, under color of any law, statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom, willfully subjects any person in any State, Territory, Commonwealth, Possession, or District to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured or protected by the Constitution or laws of the United States, … shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both; and if bodily injury results from the acts committed in violation of this section or if such acts include the use, attempted use, or threatened use of a dangerous weapon, explosives, or fire, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both; 

 



The people have RIGHT'S!

RIGHT IS RIGHT & WRONG IS WRONG / "nisi prius court"

A "nisi prius court" is a court which will proceed unless a party objects.  The agreement to proceed is obtained from the parties first.

 It is a matter of right that one may demand to be tried in a court of record.  By sheer definition, that means that the court must proceed according to the common law (not the statutory law).  The only way that a court can suspend that right is by the prior agreement of the parties.  For tactical reasons the state prefers to proceed according to statutory law rather than common law.  The only way it can do that is to obtain the prior agreement from the parties.  That is the primary (but hidden) purpose of the arraignment procedure.  During arraignment the court offers three choices for pleading (guilty, not guilty, nolo contendre).  But all three choices lead to the same jurisdiction, namely a statutory jurisdiction, not a common law jurisdiction.  That is to say, the question to be decided is whether or not the statute was violated, not whether the common law was violated.

 

MOTIONS
 

  1. Notice of Motion
  2. Facts (Affidavit or Declaration)
  3. Brief / Points & Authorities
    1. Point(s) being made
    2. Authorities supporting the jurisdiction, applicable law
    3. Argument in support of the point (This is where you connect all the law, facts, and reasoning)
  4. Proof of Service(so the court knows who got a copy)
  5. Proposed Order ready for signature
    (so the court won't have to type it if granted)
    (Normally attorneys may not submit an order without leave of court)

 

COMMON LAW ACTION
 

  1. Elements of Common Law Action
  2. Caption
  3. Declaration Template
  4. Declaration
  5. Counterclaim
  6. Law of the Case

 

link to Action for trespass: https://www.1215.org/lawnotes/lawnotes/seminar090110/000-start.htm

Law is to important to leave it to the judges: " i don’t remember who it was, but somebody said that war is much too important to leave to generals, well this is an acknowledgment that law is too important to leave to the Judges, it’s the sovereigns that make the decision, and the founding fathers had a lot more confidence in the sovereigns of the country than they ever did in the judges of the country,

Common Law Case 1 of 2 Analysis: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YTekVl8qKj0

Common Law Case 2 of 2 Analysis: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ShbMkdiVkwk

Common Law Introduction : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLX1rbMmQWOXPQmEuH0BRE6ZBcqaHeCHcX

Common Law information educational link: https://app.statenational.us/home

Common Law information educational link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T5M9qazhPFg

Common Law education and training link: https://www.youtube.com/@TheJusticeRev

Background education and training on micro and macro landscape affecting Common Law Link: https://theserapeum.com/

The Magna Carta and Confirmatio Cartarum education & training link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KN1VpYQpMME

Five Elements of Court Procedure education & training link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eMhA3aRYt8Y

 

Arsenic and the English Nobility


Historical Note

In the middle ages it was a popular technique of the nobility to use arsenic to eliminate the competition.

But, they discovered that if a small amount of arsenic were eaten every day, they could build up their bodies' tolerance. A side effect of arsenic is that the hair turns white. Consequently, anyone who was of the nobility had white hair, which nicely distinguished them from ordinary people.

Eventually, because it was no longer effective, arsenic lost its attractiveness as a noble means of doing in the competition. And of, course, their hair returned to its natural color. By that time, white hair was a tradition for the nobility. That is why the modern judges of the English courts, and other members of the nobility, wear white wigs during formal proceedings. It is the distinctive feature of a member of the peerage.

 

WHITE HAT/WHITE CLOUD

 CASE LOG



10-07-98
Action for Trespass filed in a California superior court.

02-18-99
Demurrer by defendant.. At the hearing the magistrate was quite authoritative, tense, and quite unwilling to grant anything anyone wanted. Defendant's demurrer was denied.
Transcript #1 tells the story.

One thing to note: although the magistrate also carries a state-assigned title of nobility, namely that of "judge," his capacity in this court of record is that of a magistrate. In other words, he has a ministerial capacity, not a judicial capacity. Every time he attempts to "judge" something, or to exercise any discretion, his attempt is met with some sort of opposition from the sovereign of the court, usually in the form of an objection or a corrective court order such as a writ of error coram nobus.

06-07-99, Plaintiff filed
First Amended Action

Initially, the clerk refused to file the First Amended Action because, she said, it was not a "First Amended Complaint." Then the clerk's supervisor refused to file it because there was no court order signed by a magistrate. Plaintiff guided her to the filed writ of error that encouraged the filing of a first amended action. She again refused to accept the paper, so the plaintiff reminded the clerk that she could "file on demand." She accepted the paper and marked it "FILED ON DEMAND".

08-16-99, a hearing was held in which the magistrate makes certain admissions.
Transcript #3 is referenced in the plaintiff's affidavit used in the contempt proceeding.

09-27-99 plaintiff filed a Motion for Contempt against the clerk and the magistrate. The motion was accompanied by an Order classifying the motion as a court personnel matter and sealing the papers to protect the privacy of the accused. The way it was packaged was as follows:

Order: Sealing of Papers and a copy of the top sheet from each of the following 4 papers:
Notice: Motion for Contempt (Confidential Personnel Matter)
Motion for Contempt (Confidential Personnel Matter)
Affidavit of Witness in support of motion
Affidavit of Plaintiff and exhibits in support of motion
An envelope with a notice on its face stating that it may only be opened by the accused, the plaintiff, or the court. The envelope contained the Motion, Notice of Motion, and the two supporting affidavits with exhibits.

Generally all proceedings are held in open court. Under California law public officials are prohibited from holding secret meetings except in certain special situations such as when an employee's performance is being reviewed. Emulating that state privacy policy, this court treated the contempt accusation as if it were a private personnel matter, namely concerning the job performance of the clerk and the magistrate, thus sealing that portion of the record from public view. However, the court empowered the accused themselves to make the matter public any time they wished.

10-14-99 Contempt hearing held. See
Transcript #4.

02-02-00 Ruling in re contempt of court.
This ruling brings together the complete picture of the relationship between the people and the government. The preceding papers only touched upon some aspects of personal sovereignty, whereas this paper is complete.

04-05-00 A case management conference was held. Judge, defendant's attorney, and plaintiff were all present. Overall, the conference was very quiet with minimal contention. Judge seemed to understand that he was acting in a ministerial capacity and not as a judge.
Transcript #5

CASE LOG LINK: https://www.1215.org/lawnotes/lawnotes/example/index.html

Definition
Writ of Error Quae Coram Nobis Residant

Quae = What
Coram Vobis = Before you,
Coram Nobis = Before us, ourselves, the king
Residant = resident, i.e. in this place

Writ of Error Coram Nobis.
   Order of error, before us [to correct].
   Modern English:  Order to correct our own error.
   Order issued from a court to itself or its own personnel to correct an error in procedure or judgment.

Writ of Error Quae Coram Nobis Residant.
   Order of error, what before us in this place [to correct].
   Modern English:  Order to correct what is our own error in this place.
   Order issued from a court to itself or its own personnel to correct an error in procedure or judgment.

Writ of Error Coram Vobis
   Order of error, before you [to correct].
   Modern English:  Order to correct your error.
   Order issued from a higher court to a lower court to correct an error in judgment.

05-06-99 Plaintiff filed
Judicial Notice,
Findings of fact acknowledging plaintiff's status., and a
Writ of Error reversing the magistrate and granting the demurrer in part. Defined

05-07-99 a hearing was held. The magistrate was a real gentleman. He was polite, relaxed, and asked the plaintiff "What are we doing at this point?" The plaintiff simply said, "The only business before the Court, at this point today, is making sure the defendant got the paperwork that was served yesterday. As far as -- barring that, there's no business before the Court today." The hearing was terminated.

When the plaintiff left the room, the defendant's attorney was heard to ask, "Okay. Am I correct in that the Court's made no ruling on this apparent request to amend the complaint today?" The magistrate replied, "I've made no rulings. I've made -- what I've done -- the record speaks for itself."

Actually, the hearing lasted a little longer than that, but that was the essence of it.
Transcript #2 reports the day's proceeding.

WRIT OF ERROR, practice. A writ issued out of a court of competent jurisdiction, directed to the judge of a court of record in which final judgment has been given, and commanding them, in some cases, themselves to examine the re-cord; in others to send it to another court of appellate jurisdiction, therein named, to be examined in order that some alleged error in the proceeding may be corrected. Steph. Pl. 138; 2 Saund. 100, n. 1; Bac. Ab. Error, in pr.

A writ of error is in the nature of a suit or action, when it is to restore the party who obtains it to the possession of any thing which is withheld from him, not when its operation is entirely defensive. 3 Story. Const. §1721. And it is considered generally as a new action. 6 Port 9

WRIT OF PROHIBITION , A writ of prohibition is a judicial order that may be used, at a higher court's discretion, to prevent a lower court from interfering with the higher court's determination of a case pending an appeal. Writs of prohibition are sometimes issued to prohibit a lower court from issuing orders over matters it has no jurisdiction over. Alternatively, the writ may also be used to prevent re-litigating issues that have already been decided by a higher court.

WRIT OF PROHIBITION: https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/writ_of_prohibition

WRIT : Primary tabs; A writ is an order issued by a legal authority with administrative or judicial powers, typically a court.
See: writ of certiorari, writ of error, writ of habeas corpus, writ of mandam

ORDER: A decision issued by a court or authoritative body. This includes final and non-final orders issued by a court. Also known as court order or judicial order. Outside of judicial orders, the executive branch has the power to issue executive orders

For a court to issue an order, they must have jurisdiction over the parties. Orders issued by a lower level court may be appealed to an appellate court. For example, in federal court, a party may appeal a district court’s order to a circuit court. Also in federal court, magistrate judges may issue non-dispositive orders. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)

COURT. An agency of the sovereign created by it directly or indirectly under its authority, consisting of one or more officers, established and maintained for the purpose of hearing and determining issues of law and fact regarding legal rights and alleged violations thereof, and of applying the sanctions of the law, authorized to exercise its powers in the course of law at times and places previously determined by lawful authority. [Isbill v. Stovall, Tex.Civ.App., 92 S.W.2d 1067, 1070; Black's Law Dictionary, 4th Edition, page 425]

A___ court of record is a "superior court."

A court not of record is an "inferior court."

“Inferior courts” are those whose jurisdiction is limited and special and whose proceedings are not according to the course of the common law.” Ex Parte Kearny, 55 Cal. 212; Smith v. Andrews, 6 Cal. 652

Criminal courts proceed according to statutory law. Jurisdiction and procedure is defined by statute. Likewise, civil courts and admiralty courts proceed according to statutory law. Any court proceeding according to statutory law is not a court of record (which only proceeds according to common law); it is an inferior court.

“The only inherent difference ordinarily recognized between superior and inferior courts is that there is a presumption in favor of the validity of the judgments of the former, none in favor of those of the latter, and that a superior court may be shown not to have had power to render a particular judgment by reference to its record. Ex parte Kearny, 55 Cal. 212. Note, however, that in California ‘superior court’ is the name of a particular court. But when a court acts by virtue of a special statute conferring jurisdiction in a certain class of cases, it is a court of inferior or limited jurisdiction for the time being, no matter what its ordinary status may be. Heydenfeldt v. Superior Court, 117 Cal. 348, 49 Pac. 210; Cohen v. Barrett, 5 Cal. 195” 7 Cal. Jur. 579

The decisions of a superior court may only be challenged in a court of appeal.

The decisions of an inferior court are subject to collateral attack. In other words, in a superior court one may sue an inferior court directly, rather than resort to appeal to an appelate court.

Decision of a court of record may not be appealed.
It is binding on ALL other courts.
However, no statutory or constitutional court (whether it be an appellate or supreme court) can second guess the judgment of a court of record. “The judgment of a court of record whose jurisdiction is final, is as conclusive on all the world as the judgment of this court would be. It is as conclusive on this court as it is on other courts. It puts an end to inquiry concerning the fact, by deciding it." Ex parte Watkins, 28 U.S. (3 Pet.) 193, 202-203 (1830). [cited by SCHNECKLOTH v. BUSTAMONTE, 412 U.S. 218, 255 (1973)]

COURTS OF RECORD and COURTS NOT OF RECORD.  The former being those whose acts and judicial proceedings are enrolled, or recorded, for a perpetual memory and testimony, and which have power to fine or imprison for contempt.  Error lies to their judgments, and they generally possess a seal.  Courts not of record are those of inferior dignity, which have no power to fine or imprison, and in which the proceedings are not enrolled or recorded.  3 Bl. Comm. 24; 3 Steph. Comm. 383; The Thomas Fletcher, C.C.Ga., 24 F. 481; Ex parte Thistleton, 52 Cal 225; Erwin v. U.S., D.C.Ga., 37 F. 488, 2 L.R.A. 229; Heininger v. Davis, 96 Ohio St. 205, 117 N.E. 229, 231.   

CANON 1; A JUDGE SHALL UPHOLD THE INTEGRITY* AND INDEPENDENCE* OF THE JUDICIARY; An independent, impartial,* and honorable judiciary is indispensable to justice in our society. A judge should participate in establishing, maintaining, and enforcing high standards of conduct, and shall personally observe those standards so that the integrity* and independence* of the "judiciary is preserved". The provisions of this code are to be construed and applied to further that objective. A judicial decision or administrative act later determined to be incorrect legally is not itself a violation of this code.

A____ "court of record" is a judicial tribunal having attributes and exercising functions independently of the person of the magistrate designated generally to hold it, and proceeding according to the course of common law, its acts and proceedings being enrolled for a perpetual memorial.  Jones v. Jones, 188 Mo.App. 220, 175 S.W. 227, 229; Ex parte Gladhill, 8 Metc. Mass., 171, per Shaw, C.J.  See, also, Ledwith v. Rosalsky, 244 N.Y. 406, 155 N.E. 688, 689.

Note that a judge is a magistrate and is not the tribunal.   The tribunal is either the sovereign himself, or a fully empowered jury (not paid by the government) 


Also see Counterclaim Notes
LAWNOTES

JUDICIAL. Belonging, or emanating from a judge, as such. 2. Judicial sales, are such as are ordered by virtue of the process of courts. 1 Supp. to Ves. jr., 129, 160; 2 Ves. jr., 50  3. A judicial writ is one issued in the progress of the cause, in contradistinction to an original writ. 3 Bl. Com. 282. 4. Judicial decisions, are the opinions or determinations of the judges in causes before them. Hale, H. C. L. 68; Willes' R. 666; 3 Barn. & Ald. 122 4 Barn. & Adol. 207 1 H. B1. 63; 5 M. & S. 185. 5. Judicial power, the authority vested in the judges. The constitution of the United States declares, that "the judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the congress may, from time to time, ordain and establish." Art. 3, s. 1. 6. By the constitutions of the several states, the judicial power is vested in such courts as are enumerated in each respectively. See the names Of, the several states. There is nothing in the constitution of the United States to forbid or prevent the legislature of a state from exercising judicial functions; 2 Pet. R. 413; and judicial acts have occasionally been performed by the legislatures. 2 Root, R. 350; 3 Greenl. R. 334; 3 Dall. R. 386; 2 Pet. R. 660; 16 Mass. R. 328; Walk. R. 258; 1 New H. Rep. 199; 10 Yerg. R. 59; 4 Greenl. R. 140; 2 Chip., R. 77; 1 Aik. R. 314. But a state legislature cannot annul the judgments, nor determine the jurisdiction of the courts of the United States; 5 Cranch, It. 116; 2 Dall. R. 410; nor authoritatively declare what the law is, or has been, but what it shall be. 2 Cranch, R. 272; 4 Pick. R. 23. Vide Ayl. Parerg. 27; 3 M. R. 248; 4 M. R. 451; 9 M. R. 325; 6 M. R. 668; 12 M. R. 349; 3 N. S. 551; 5 N. S. 519; 1 L. R. 438 7 M. R. 325; 9 M. R. 204; 10 M. R. 1.

SITUS: Situs means the location of property or an item for legal purposes. Where the situs of something is depends on the type of item and can have important legal consequences. For most physical items the situs is the place where the object is located presently such as a house or a purse. However, for intangible items like a patent the situs normally is where the property is registered. The situs of property changes where a lawsuit can be brought regarding the property and often adds difficulties to resolving property disputes.

Nexus Law and Legal Definition: Generally, a nexus refers to a connection. In case law, the term may appear when discussing the legality of a governmental restriction, and whether the means of restriction is justifiable in light of the right being restricted. A nexus is often required in all types of cases to establish jurisdiction, apply conflict of laws issues, establish due process in criminal cases, prove causation, etc. : US Nexus means where there is any US involvement or connection, including (without limitation): (i) any US dollar denominated transaction; (ii) any payment in any currency that is cleared through the US financial system, including foreign branches of US banks, and US branches, agency or representative offices or US accounts of non-US financial institutions; and (iii) any US Person, including US financial institutions, foreign branches of US banks, and US branches, agency or representative offices or US accounts of non-US financial institutions. (See Principle of ejusdem generis & Principle of ‘Noscitur a Sociis) *** About US bottom***

Principal of ejusdem generis: Ejusdem generis (ee-joose-dem gen-ris) is a Latin phrase that means “of the same kind.” The statutory and constitutional construction principle of “ejusdem generis” states that where general words or phrases follow a number of specific words or phrases, the general words are specifically construed as limited and apply only to persons or things of the same kind or class as those expressly mentioned. For example, if a law refers to automobiles, trucks, tractors, motorcycles, and other motor-powered vehicles, a court might use ejusdem generis to hold that such vehicles would not include airplanes, because the list included only land-based transportation.

Principle of ‘Noscitur a Sociis: The principle of Noscitur a Sociis is a rule of construction. It is one of the rules of language used by court to interpret legislation. This means that, the meaning of an unclear word or phrase should be determined by the words immediately surrounding it. In other words, the meaning of a word is to be judged by the company it keeps. The questionable meaning of a doubtful word can be derived from its association with other words. It can be used wherever a statutory provision contains a word or phrase that is capable of bearing more than one meaning.

Standing in law, standing or locus standi is a condition that a party seeking a legal remedy must show they have, by demonstrating to the court, sufficient connection to and harm from the law or action challenged to support that party's participation in the case. A party has standing in the following situations: • The party is directly subject to an adverse effect by the statute or action in question, and the harm suffered will continue unless the court grants relief in the form of damages or a finding that the law either does not apply to the party or that the law is void or can be nullified. This is called the "something to lose" doctrine, in which the party has standing because they will be directly harmed by the conditions for which they are asking the court for relief.

Prima Facie

A Latin term meaning "at first sight" or "at first look." This refers to the standard of proof under which the party with the burden of proof need only present enough evidence to create a rebuttable presumption that the matter asserted is true. A prima facie standard of proof is relatively low. It is far less demanding than the preponderance of the evidence, clear and convincing evidence and beyond a reasonable doubt standards that are also commonly used.

A prima facie standard of proof may be used in a variety of settings. For example, courts have held that a party who seeks discovery of purportedly privileged documents under the crime-fraud exception to the attorney-client privilege must make a prima facie showing that the contested documents were created in furtherance of a crime or fraud. Once the party seeking discovery makes this showing, the resisting party must then present its own rebuttal evidence showing that the contested documents were not created in furtherance of a crime or fraud. Continued education link: https://uk.practicallaw.thomsonreuters.com/2-518-8779?contextData=(sc.Default)&transitionType=Default&firstPage=true

Court of competent jurisdiction (See Title 18 U.S.C. Sec 2711; A Court of Record under command of a Tribunal / or Special Master is of competent jurisdiction with Prima Facia evidence ) 

(3) the term “court of competent jurisdiction” includes (A) any district court of the United States (including a magistrate judge of such a court) or any United States court of appeals that— (i) has jurisdiction over the offense being investigated; (ii) is in or for a district in which the provider of a wire or electronic communication service is located or in which the wire or electronic communications, records, or other information are stored; or (iii) is acting on a request for foreign assistance pursuant to section 3512 of this title ; (B) a court of general criminal jurisdiction of a State authorized by the law of that State to issue search warrants; or (C) a court-martial or other proceeding under chapter 47 of title 10 (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) to which a military judge has been detailed;

Title 18 U.S. Code § 2711 - Definitions for chapter     prev | next        As used in this chapter—

(1) the terms defined in section 2510 of this title have, respectively, the definitions given such terms in that section;

(2) the term “remote computing service” means the provision to the public of computer storage or processing services by means of an electronic communications system;

(3)the term “court of competent jurisdiction” includes — (A)any district court of the United States (including a magistrate judge of such a court) or any United States court of appeals that — (i) has jurisdiction over the offense being investigated;

(ii) is in or for a district in which the provider of a wire or electronic communication service is located or in which the wire or electronic communications, records, or other information are stored; or  (iii)  is acting on a request for foreign assistance pursuant to section 3512 of this title;

(B) a court of general criminal jurisdiction of a State authorized by the law of that State to issue search warrants; or

(C) a court-martial or other proceeding under chapter 47 of title 10 (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) to which a military judge has been detailed; and

(4) the term governmental entity means a department or agency of the United States or any State or political subdivision thereof. ( Agents, officers, executives, administrators, judges, Magistrates, public notaries, all act for and on behalf of their governmental entity as per California Government Code Sec 8202.5; The Secretary of State may appoint and commission the number of state, city, “county”, and public school district employees as notaries public to act for and on behalf of the “governmental entity” for which appointed which the Secretary of State deems proper.)   

(Added Pub. L. 99–508, title II, § 201[(a)], Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1868, § 2710; renumbered § 2711, Pub. L. 100–618, § 2(a)(1), Nov. 5, 1988, 102 Stat. 3195; amended Pub. L. 107–56, title II, § 220(a)(2), Oct. 26, 2001, 115 Stat. 292; Pub. L. 109–177, title I, § 107(b)(2), Mar. 9, 2006, 120 Stat. 202; Pub. L. 111–79, § 2(2), Oct. 19, 2009, 123 Stat. 2086; Pub. L. 114–328, div. E, title LVII, § 5228(b)(2), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2913.)

Title 18 U.S.C. § 3512 - U.S. Code - Unannotated Title 18. Crimes and Criminal Procedure § 3512. Foreign requests for assistance in criminal investigations and prosecutions

Current as of January 01, 2024 | Updated by FindLaw Staff

(a) Execution of request for assistance.--

(1) In general.--Upon application, duly authorized by an appropriate official of the Department of Justice, of an attorney for the Government, a Federal judge may issue such orders as may be necessary to execute a request from a foreign authority for assistance in the investigation or prosecution of criminal offenses, or in proceedings related to the prosecution of criminal offenses, including proceedings regarding forfeiture, sentencing, and restitution. Continued education link: https://codes.findlaw.com/us/title-18-crimes-and-criminal-procedure/18-usc-sect-3512/

Jurisdiction; Continued education; (JURISDICTION)  link;https://www.bitchute.com/video/DGdW3vMYSSEg/

Primary tabs

  1. Power of a court to adjudicate cases and issue orders.
  2. Territory within which a court or government agency may properly exercise its power. See, e.g. Ruhrgas AG v. Marathon Oil Co. et al., 526 U.S. 574 (1999).

Jurisdiction: An Overview

One of the most fundamental questions of law is whether a given court has jurisdiction to preside over a given case. A jurisdictional question may be broken down into three components:

  1. whether there is personal jurisdiction [aka whether the court may even hear the case involving the particular defendant(s)]. This is further broken down into 3 categories (See Pennoyer v. Neff for additional information):
    1. in personam jurisdiction
    2. in rem jurisdiction
    3. quasi in rem jurisdiction
  2. whether there is jurisdiction over the subject matter 
  3. whether there is jurisdiction to render the particular judgment sought.

The term jurisdiction can be best understood by being compared to "power." Any court possesses jurisdiction over matters only to the extent granted to it by the Constitution, and/or legislation of the sovereignty on behalf of which it functions (ex: a state court in Mississippi may need statutory permission by the Mississippi legislature to hear certain types of cases). The question of whether a given court has the power to determine a jurisdictional question is itself a jurisdictional question. Such a legal question is referred to as "jurisdiction to determine jurisdiction." link;https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/jurisdiction

Controversy kŏn′trə-vûr″sē     noun

  1. A dispute, especially a public one, between sides holding opposing views.
  2. The act or practice of engaging in such disputes.
  3. Disputation; debate; agitation of contrary opinions; a formal or prolonged debate; dispute.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

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Authority   ə-thôr′ĭ-tē, ə-thŏr′-, ô-      noun

  1. The power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge.
  2. One that is invested with this power, especially a government or body of government officials.
  3. Power assigned to another; authorization.

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Simplex Dictum

Read a random definition: unit pricing A quick definition of simplex dictum:

A simplex dictum is a statement made by someone who is considered an authority on a subject. It can be a rule or belief that is widely accepted, but it is not necessarily proven. Sometimes, judges make statements that are not essential to their decision, and these are called obiter dicta. A personal statement made by a judge is called a dictum proprium. A gratis dictum is a statement made voluntarily, and a judicial dictum is an opinion on a question that is not essential to the decision.

Dictum

In legal writing, a dictum is a statement made by a court. It may or may not be binding as a precedent.

Vicarious Liability  Primary tabs

Liability that a supervisory party (such as an employer) bears for the actionable conduct of a subordinate or associate (such as an employee) based on the relationship between the two parties.  See respondeat superior

Under common law, a member of a conspiracy can be held vicariously liable for the crimes of his co-conspirators if the crimes committed by the co-conspirators were foreseeable and if they were committed with the intent of furthering the objective of the conspiracy.  See conspiracy

Verdict    vûr′dĭkt     noun

  1. The decision of the jury after the trial of a case.
  2. An expressed conclusion; a judgment or opinion.
  3. In law, the answer of a jury given to the court concerning any matter of fact in any cause, civil or criminal, committed to their trial and examination.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

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Sedition /sĭ-dĭsh′ən/  noun

  1. Conduct or language inciting rebellion against the authority of a state. ( Title 26 U.S.C. Sec 7701 (a)(10); a State  &  Title 26 U.S.C. Sec 7701 (a) (9);  "United States" ;the term “United States” when used in a geographical sense includes only the States and the District of Columbia.  Supreme Authority of the United States;"The attempt of a State Officer to enforce an unconstitutional statute is a proceeding without authority... is an illegal act, and the officer is stripped of his official charter and is subjected in his person to the consequences of his individual conduct. The State has no power to impart to its officer immunity from responsibility to the supreme authority of the United States." Ex Parte Young, 209 U. S. 123, (1908). [Supreme Authority = Private men and women "we the people".]  )
  2. Insurrection; rebellion.
  3. The raising of commotion in a state, not amounting to insurrection; conduct tending to treason, but without an overt act; excitement of discontent against the government, or of resistance to lawful authority.

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Continued education link: https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/2384

Misprision of treason / Treason /trē′zən/    noun

  1. The betrayal of allegiance toward one's own country, especially by committing hostile acts against it or aiding its enemies in committing such acts.
  2. The betrayal of someone's trust or confidence.
  3. The offense of attempting to overthrow the government of the state (United States." Ex Parte Young, 209 U. S. 123, (1908). [Supreme Authority = Private men and women "we the people".] ) to which the offender owes allegiance, or of betraying the state into the hands of a foreign power; disloyalty; treachery.
    Similar: disloyaltytreachery

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Misprision of treason :  Misprision of treason is an offence found in many common law jurisdictions around the world, having been inherited from English law. It is committed by someone who knows a treason is being or is about to be committed but does not report it to a proper authority. Wikipedia

Continued education link: https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/2382

International piracy law: International piracy law is international law that is meant to protect against piracy. Throughout history and legal precedents, pirates have been defined as hostis humani generis, Latin for "the enemy of all mankind".

Title 18 U.S.C. Section §1652. Citizens as pirates

Whoever, being a "citizen of the United States", (ANY AGENT, SHERIFF, OFFICER, JUDGE, MAGISTRATE,) commits any "murder or robbery", or any "act of hostility" against the United States, or "against any citizen thereof",( aka SUPERIOR COURT TRIBUNAL) on the high seas,( IN THE ADMIRALTY OR MARITIME JURISDICTION OF THE UNITED STATES UNDER COMMAND OF A "GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY") "under color of any commission" (UNDER COLOR OF LAW ) from any foreign prince, or state,( IN THE "UNITED STATES" OR ANY "STATE" or "on pretense of authority" (IN AN INFERIOR COURTS "governmental entity", any SHERIFF, AGENT, JUDGE, OFFICER, from "any person, is a pirate", and shall be "imprisoned for life". (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 774.) 

Continued education link: https://uscode.house.gov/view.xhtml?path=/prelim@title18/part1/chapter81&edition=prelim

Guilty

Primary tabs

Guilty generally means committing a crime or being responsible for it. In a criminal case, guilty means the admission by a defendant that they have committed the crime they were charged with, or the finding by a judge or a jury that the defendant has committed the crime.

[Last updated in December of 2021 by the Wex Definitions Team]

Innocent   ĭn′ə-sənt    adjective

  1. Uncorrupted by evil, malice, or wrongdoing; sinless.
  2. Not guilty of a specific crime or offense; legally blameless.
  3. Within, allowed by, or sanctioned by the law; lawful.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

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Exempt   ĭg-zĕmpt′          transitive verb

  1. To free from an obligation, duty, or liability to which others are subject.
  2. To set apart; isolate.

adjective

  1. Freed from an obligation, duty, or liability to which others are subject; excused.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

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Rebut  rĭ-bŭt′       intransitive verb

  1. To refute, especially by offering opposing evidence or arguments, as in a legal case.
  2. To repel or reject.
  3. To present opposing evidence or arguments.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

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RULE OF COURT. An order made by a court having competent jurisdiction.

2. Rules of court are either general or special; the former are the laws by which the practice of the court is governed; the latter are special orders made in particular cases.

3. Disobedience to these is punished by giving judgment against the disobedient party, or by attachment for contempt.

Bouvier's Law Dictionary 1856 Edition                 R

you pronoun  ˈyü   yə,  also  yē  the one or ones being addressed used as the pronoun of the second person singular or plural in any grammatical relation except that of a possessive you may sit in that chair used formerly only as a plural pronoun of the second person in the dative or accusative case as direct or indirect object of a verb or as object of a preposition compare THEE, THOU, YE, YOUR, YOURS  : ONE sense 2a   after a while, it grows on you.

Charge  chärj     intransitive verb

  1. To impose a duty, responsibility, or obligation on.
  2. To instruct or urge authoritatively; command.
  3. To instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence. link continued education & training ;https://www.thefreedictionary.com/charge;  as in indictment; a formal claim of criminal wrongdoing against a person

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ENCUMBRANCE. A burden or charge upon an estate or property, so that it cannot be disposed of without being subject to it. A mortgage, a lien for taxes, are examples of encumbrances.

2. These do not affect the possession of the grantee, and may be removed or extinguished by a definite pecuniary value. See 2 Greenl. R. 22; 5 Greenl. R. 94.

Warrant wôr′ənt, wŏr′-  noun  Continued education & training  COURT;https://www.bitchute.com/video/8bqtg4DnJxWS/

  1. An order that serves as authorization, especially.
  2. A judicial writ authorizing the search or seizure of property, arrest of a person, or the execution of a legal judgment.
  3. A voucher authorizing payment or receipt of money.

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In rem Primary tabs  In rem, a Latin term for "against a thing," refers to courts’ power to adjudicate matters directed against property. In rem jurisdiction is one of the two forms of personal jurisdiction, with the other being in personam jurisdiction.

BILL ON BILLS OF EXCHANGE continued education & training link; https://www.bitchute.com/video/v5AilS4udyPQ/

BILL TURNER - STAMP DUTY continued education & training link: https://www.bitchute.com/video/UC089KXlzy49/

 

Contempt of court

Contempt of court, also referred to simply as "contempt" is the disobedience of an order of a court. Additionally, conduct tending to obstruct or interfere with the orderly administration of justice also qualifies as contempt of court. Under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (FRCP) Rule 70, a party that fails to perform a specific act, in accordance with a judgment by a court, can be charged with contempt and subsequently penalized. The purpose of recognizing contempt of court is to secure the dignity of the courts and the uninterrupted and unimpeded administration of justice. 

Direct and Indirect Contempt of Court continued education and training link; https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/contempt_of_court

 

AFFIDAVIT 

affidavit   ăf″ĭ-dā′vĭt   noun

  1. A written declaration made under oath before a notary public or other authorized officer.
  2. A written declaration upon oath; a statement of facts in writing signed by the affiant, and sworn to or confirmed by a declaration before a notary public, a magistrate, or other authorized officer.
  3. A sworn statement in writing; a declaration in writing, signed and made upon oath before an authorized magistrate.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

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Legal maxim: "It is against equity for freemen not to have the free disposal of their own property."

The second maxim is "Equality before the law" or more precisely, ALL ARE EQUAL UNDER THE LAW. (God's Law - Moral and Natural Law). Exodus 21:23-25; Lev. 24: 17-21; Deut. 1;17, 19:21; Mat. 22:36-40; Luke 10:17; Col. 3:25. "No one is above the law". This is founded on both Natural and Moral law and is binding on everyone. For someone to say , or acts as though, he is "above the law" is insane. This is the major insanity in the world today. Man continues to live, act, believe, and form systems, organizations, governments, laws and processes which presume to be able to supercede or abrogate Natural or Moral Law. But, under commercial law, Natural and Moral Law are binding on everyone, and no one can escape it. Commerce, by the law of nations, ought to be common, and not to be converted into a monopoly and the private gain of the few.

The key point here is all are equal under the LAW!!!

 

This one is one of the most comforting maxims one could have, and your foundation for your peace-of-mind and your security and your capacity to win and triumph -- to get your remedy -- in this business. IN COMMERCE TRUTH IS SOVEREIGN. (Exodus 20:16; Ps. 117:2; John 8:32; II Cor. 13:8 ).Truth is sovereign -- and the Sovereign tells only the truth. Your word is your bond. If truth were not sovereign in commerce, i.e., all human action and inter-relations, there would be no basis for anything. No basis for law and order, no basis no accountability, there would be no standards, no capacity to resolve anything. It would mean "anything goes", "each man for himself", and "nothing matters". That's worse than the law of the jungle. Commerce. "To lie is to go against the mind". Oriental proverb: "Of all that is good, sublimity is supreme." 

 

TRUTH IS EXPRESSED IN THE FORM OF AN AFFIDAVIT. (Lev. 5:4-5; Lev. 6:3-5; Lev. 19:11-13: Num. 30:2; Mat. 5:33; James 5: 12). An affidavit is your solemn expression of your truth. In commerce, an affidavit must be accompanied and must underlay and form the foundation for any commercial transaction whatsoever. There can be no valid commercial transaction without someone putting their neck on the line and stated, "this is true, correct, complete and not meant to mislead." When you issue an affidavit, it is a two edged sword; it cuts both ways. Someone has to take responsibility for saying that it is a real situation. It can be called a true bill, as they say in the Grand Jury. When you issue an affidavit in commerce you get the power of an affidavit. You also incur the liability, because this has to be a situation where other people might be adversely affected by it. Things change by your affidavit, in which are going to affect people's lives. If what you say in your affidavit is, in fact, not true, then those who are adversely affected can come back at you with justifiable recourse because you lied. You have told a lie as if it were the truth. People depend on your affidavit and then they have lost because you lied.

 

AN UNREBUTTED AFFIDAVIT STANDS AS TRUTH IN COMMERCE. (12 Pet. 1:25; Heb. 6:13-15;) Claims made in your affidavit, if not rebutted, emerge as the truth of the matter. Legal Maxim: "He who does deny, admits."

The key here is COMMERCE and it's not law!!!

commerce kŏm′ərs  noun

  1. The buying and selling of goods, especially on a large scale, as between cities or nations. synonym: business.
  2. Intellectual exchange or social interaction.
  3. Sexual intercourse.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

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AN UNREBUTTED AFFIDAVIT BECOMES THE JUDGMENT IN COMMERCE. (Heb. 6:16-17;). There is nothing left to resolve. Any proceeding in a court, tribunal, or arbitration forum consists of a contest, or duel, of commercial affidavits wherein the points remaining unrebutted in the end stand as truth and matters to which the judgment of the law is applied.

 

IN COMMERCE FOR ANY MATTER TO BE RESOLVED MUST BE EXPRESSED. (Heb. 4:16; Phil. 4:6; Eph. 6:19-21). No one is a mind reader. You have to put your position out there, you have to state what the issue is, to have someone to talk about and resolve. Legal Maxim: "He who fails to assert his rights has none.)

 

The primary users of commercial law and those who best understand and codifiedit in Western Civilization are the Jews. This is Mosaic Law they have had for more than 3500 years past which is based upon Babylonian commerce. This one is: HE WHO LEAVES THE BATTLEFIELD FIRST LOSES BY DEFAULT. (Book of Job; Mat. 10:22; This means that an affidavit which is unrebutted point for point stands as "truth in commerce" because it hasn't been rebutted and has left the battlefield. Governments allegedly exist to resolve disputes, conflicts and truth. Governments allegedly exist to be substitutes for the dueling field and the battlefield for so disputes, conflicts of affidavits of truth are resolved peaceably, reasonably instead of by violence. So people can take their disputes into court and have them all opened up and resolved, instead of going out and marching ten paces and turning to kill or injure. Legal Maxim: "He who does not repel a wrong when he can, occasions it". 

 

SACRIFICE IS THE MEASURE OF CREDIBILITY (NO WILLINGNESS TO SACRIFICE = NO LIABILITY, RESPONSIBILITY, AUTHORITY OR MEASURE OF CONVICTION). Nothing ventured nothing gained. A person must put himself on the line assume a position, take a stand, as regards the matter at hand. and One cannot realize the potential gain without also exposing himself to thew potential of loss. (One who is not damaged, put at risk, or willing to swear an oath on his commercial liability to claim authority) (Acts 7, life/death of Stephen). for the truth of his statements and legitimacy of his actions has no basis to assert claims or charges and forfeits all credibility and right Legal Maxim: "He who bears the burden ought also to derive the benefit".

 

process server   noun

  1. A person whose profession is the delivery of information to a person or entity providing notice that they are being sued.

Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

More at Wordnik

These process server usually hands these correspondents to DEFENDANTS or RESPONDENTS! 

IF YOU DON'T KNOW YOUR RIGHT'S YOU WILL BECOME ONE OF THESE !!!

DEFENDANTS or RESPONDENTS! 

THESE ARE THE ACTORS NEEDED TO PROCEED!!!

The affidavit of the process server is the only document the judge relies on for judgment! 

REASON IS!

 AN UNREBUTTED AFFIDAVIT BECOMES THE JUDGMENT IN COMMERCE.

 

Remember that; Title 26 U.S.C. Sec 7806; take's away the PERSON; LEGAL ENTITY;  said ESTATE TRUST and give's 

 

the MAN !!! TRIBUNAL; PRINCIPAL; BENEFICIARY; 

ALL THE POWER!!! in A court of record!

 

WE MUST SUBPOENA THE PROCESS SERVER AND PUT HIM ON THE STAND TO SWEAR ON OATH THAT THE DEFENDANT AND THE MAN ARE ONE AND THE SAME!!! 

THIS CAN BE DONE HOWEVER; TITLE 26 U.S.C. SEC 7806; HAS DEFEATED THE ATTACK FROM INCEPTION!!!

THE PROCESS SERVER WILL NOT BE ABLE TO DO THAT!!!! IF WE NEED THIS APPROACH!

REMEMBER THIS MAXIM ; Expressio unius est exclusio alterius. The expression of one thing is the exclusion of another.

ONCE THE "PERSON" IS EXPRESSED; THE CASE IS DEFEATED!!! NO MEANS NO!!! 

ALSO REMEMBER; So, the tenth maxim of law is: A LIEN OR CLAIM CAN BE SATISFIED ONLY THROUGH REBUTTABLE BY AFFIDAVIT POINT BY POINT, RESOLUTION BY JURY, OR PAYMENT

NO MATTER WHAT IS CLAIMED THE CASE CANNOT PROCEED THERE IS NO DEFENDANT!!! ONLY A MAN!!!

REMEMBER YOUR NOT A DEFENDANT!!! OR A RESPONDENT !!! OR AN ACTOR!!!!

YOUR A MAN; TRIBUNAL; PRINCIPAL; BENEFICIARY; ONE OF THE PEOPLE!!!

REMEMBER THIS;  Commercial Law is non-judicial. This is pre-judicial (not prejudice). This is timeless. This is the base, the foundation beneath which any government or any of their court systems can possibly exist or function.

That means what the courts are doing, and what all governments are ultimately adjudicating and making rules about, are these basic rules of Commercial Law. When you go into court and place your hand on the Bible you say, "I swear the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth . . ." you have just sworn a Commercial Affidavit.

It's the conflict between Commercial Affidavits of Truth that gives the court something to talk about, that forms the entire basis of its action, and its being there , in their venue. Hence, one of the reasons attorneys always create controversy. 

No court and no judge can overturn or disregard or abrogate somebody's Affidavit of Truth. The only one who has any capacity or right or responsibility or knowledge to rebut your Affidavit of Truth is the one who is adversely affected by it. It's his job, his right, his responsibility to speak for himself. To issue his own affidavit because no one can speak it for him. No one else can know what your truth is or has the free-will responsibility to state it. This is YOUR job.

REMEMBER THE MAN! TRIBUNAL! PRINCIPAL! BENEFICIARY! YOU HAVE ALL DISCRETION IN YOUR COURT OF RECORD!

IT'S YOUR JOB TO CLAM! TAKE COMMAND ! OF YOUR ESTATE TRUST!!! AND ADMINISTRATE THE ADMINISTRATION OF YOUR ESTATE TRUST!!!

Continued education and training link; https://www.bitchute.com/video/zPhv0KtBwVmm/

Continued education and training link;https://statenational-downloads.s3.amazonaws.com/education/twelve-presumptions.pdf

Continued education and training link;https://statenational-downloads.s3.amazonaws.com/documents/maxims-of-law.pdf

 

Notice and Demand or Notice in Law & Actions for Trespass
(Elements)


There is no penalty for making reasonable mistakes in good faith. But if one intentionally does harm, then he may be sued. But, before he can be sued, he must be given a fair opportunity to correct his error. The notice gives one that fair opportunity. By it he may have sufficient notice to assert proper diligence and inquire further so as to discover that which an inquiry pursued in good faith would disclose.

There is a wide latitude in the style you use to write the notice. You can pretend you are writing to your sweet old grandmother, or to the Devil himself. From the court's point of view the style doesn't matter if the legal points are made. Choice of style is a strategy decision--what effect do you want to have on the offender? Before sending the notice remember to apply Mark Twain's seven rules for good writing: "Revise, revise, revise, revise, revise, revise, revise." It takes seven major revisions to do a notice correctly.

In your notice to your adversary make the following points:


1. What he is doing or not doing.

2. Your injuries (e.g. loss of substantive rights). (NOTICE! "Injury" and "damages" are NOT synonymous words. Injury is the harm done. Damages are the compensation for the injury.)

3. His duty to not cause you injury. The moral, public, and private laws that require him to not cause you injury (e.g. Ten Commandments; Bill of Rights, 18 USC Sec. 241, 242; 42 USC Sections 1983, 1985, 1986; and your own rules).

4. He is breaching that duty.

5. State the damages (what he owes you) for the injury. Cite the moral, public and private measurements of the damages (e.g. Biblical; 18 USC Sec. 241, 242; 42 USC Sections 1983, 1985, 1986; and your own estimate.

6. Demand that he, in good faith, do his duty, pay you the damages, and to so do within a reasonable number of days (usually 60 days for government, 30 days for everyone else).

7. If he does not do as demanded within the alloted time, then by tacit procuration (assumed power of attorney) you will determine for him the facts, his duties, and the damages he owes you.

8. If he does not perform as demanded, you will take lawful action (in personam and in rem) to defend against him, and persons acting in concert with him, who cause or attempt to cause said injuries; to secure your substantive rights; and to redeem the damages owed to you.

The constructive notice should be served upon the adversary in the same manner that one would serve a summons in a law suit. A proof of service should be executed and held for use as necessary in a future law suit.

"Knowledge of facts which would naturally lead an honest and prudent person to make inquiry constitutes 'notice' of everything which such inquiry pursued in good faith would disclose. Twitchell v. Nelson, 131 Minn. 375, 155 N.W. 621, 624; German-American Nat. Bank of Lincoln v. Martin, 277 Ill. 629, 115 N.E. 721, 729." Black's Law Dictionary, 4th Ed., p. 1210.

"In another sense, 'notice' means information, an advice, or written warning, in more or less formal shape, intended to apprise a person of some proceeding in which his interests are involved, or informing him of some fact which it is his right to know and the duty of the notifying party to communicate." Black's Law Dictionary, 4th Ed., p. 1210.  

Notice and demand document link: /wp-content/uploads/go-x/u/a789b173-e30c-4026-8272-c026cc7b8198/noticeanddemandftb2023.rtf

 SIMPLE SIMON OPEN YOUR COURT THROUGH LETTERS IN RESPONSE TO PRESENTMENTS; defines Presentment as: “a demand made by or on behalf of a person; 

THE SUBJECT MATTER OF THE PRESENTMENT

DO NOT CONCERN YOUR SELF TO MUCH

REMEMBER THE HIERARCHY OF LAW 

GOD

MAN

CORPORATION

IF A CORPORATION IS WRITING TO A MAN THEY NEED AN AGENT TO ACT FOR THEM

AGENTS HAVE NO RIGHT THEY NEED A CONTRACT TO PROCEED

IF THEY GET A CONTRACT WE ARE THE PRINCIPAL / PRINCIPAL TO AGENT RELATIONSHIP

GOVERNMENT AGENCY'S ARE ONLY ADMINISTRATING OUR TRUSTS,THEY USE AGENTS TO TRICK US INTO CONTRACT TO GET INTO OUR TRUST. THEY WANT US TO ADDRESS THE SUBJECT MATTER OF THE PRESENTMENT. THEY ARE ON A FISHING MISSION.THEY WAIT FOR THE PEOPLE TO; 

ARGUE    /    AGREE    /    GO SILENT     

ANY ONE OF THOSE THREE THE PEOPLE ARE IN CONTRACT

WHO TO RESPOND TO, THE CEO/CFO/ MANAGER/ ETC.....

 

OPENING SENTENCE / WILL ACKNOWLEDGE

DEAR BOB

TODAY WE RECEIVED A NOTICE  OF A FINE/BILL/LEVY/ETC...AND WE DO NOT UNDERSTAND.  TO CLARIFY THE SITUATION WOULD BOB KINDLY RESPOND TO THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS ABOVE/BELOW WITH IN 14 DAYS WITH THE STIPULATION BOBS NON RESPONSE WILL BE ACCEPTED AS SILENT ACQUIESCENT ADMISSION.  

 

QUESTIONS TO ESTABLISH STANDING; 

1. IS BOB AN AGENT OF THE CROWN/GOVERNMENT/STATE AGENCY?

2. IS BOB SWORN TO UPHOLD THE STATUTES & CODE'S OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW?

3. IS BOB SWORN TO UPHOLD  Title 18 U.S.C. SECTION 241/ 242 & SEC 1001

4. IS BOB IN BREACH OF TITLE 18 U.S.C. SEC 241/242/ 1001 

5. SHOULD THIS NOT BE TREATED AS  DISCHARGED UNDER BREACH OF CONTRACT IN COMMERCIAL LAW.

NOTICE

WE BELIEVE THAT THIS IS A FRAUDULENT CLAIM FOR UNJUST ENRICHMENT AS THERE DOES NOT APPEAR TO BE A SWORN AFFIDAVIT TO SUBSTANTIATE  THE CHARGE AND WE DO NOT BELIEVE THAT THERE IS SUFFICIENT EVIDENCE TO SATISFY ALL ELEMENTS OF THE CHARGE OR A PLAINTIFF WILLING TO TAKE THE STAND AND TESTIFY TO THE VERACITY  OF THE CHARGE. 

 

ANY FURTHER ATTEMPT BY BOB TO EXTORT MONEY WILL REQUIRE A LETTER SIGNED BY BOB IN HIS PRIVATE CAPACITY UNDER HIS OWN FULL COMMERCIAL LIABILITY IN ORDER FOR US TO ADDRESS FULL ACCOUNTABILITY AND SEEK LEGAL RECOURSE UNDER THE FAIR TRADING ACT 1986. SEC 21.C & SEC 23. IN THE INTERIM THIS IS A CEASE AND DESIST ORDER  UNTIL THIS MATTER IS FINALIZED WITH STIPULATION THAT ANY FURTHER CONTACT WILL INVOKE THE FEES CONTAINED IN OUR FEE SCHEDULE. 

(ADD FEES SCHEDULE)

 YOUR SINCERELY

LEWIS CYPHER 

   

RE-CONTRACT ATTEMPT

 AS WE WROTE TO BOB WE DO NOT UNDERSTAND WHY DEPUTY DOG HAS REPLIED TO US IN A PUERILE ATTEMPT TO OBFUSCATE THE FACTS AND RE-CONTRACT US. 

 continued education & training video link: https://www.bitchute.com/video/WXD2Nt2PxHiP/

MY WILL - EDUCATIONAL VIDEO continued education & training link: https://www.bitchute.com/video/q2GWrHwLahwz/

 

THE PEN IS MIGHTIER THAN THE SWORD

The people must reduce it down to written form for any kind of success in LAW!

all correspondents must be sent through the post office and notary witness 

The post office is the seat of government and tampering with the mail is an indictable offence. 

Reduce to writing in all notice forms; Reduced to Writing means a concise statement outlining the nature of the grievance, (Notice and Demand or Notice in Law & Actions for Trespass) the provision(s) of the contract in dispute, and the relief requested. The District has a grievance form for this purpose (see Exhibit D), copies of which are available in the office of each building principal. The grievance form must be signed by the grieving teacher (or one of a group of grieving teachers) and by a duly authorized representative of the Association (even if the teacher does not wish to be represented by the Association). All subsequent processing of the grievance should ordinarily use the original grievance form. Continued education link; https://www.lawinsider.com/dictionary/reduced-to-writing

This reduce to writing form for the people dose not mean legalese which is clear FRAUD keep away from this and the people must understand there is no real legal system other than fraud keep this in mind.  legalese aka.....Title 18 U.S.C. SEC 1001 FRAUD, contracts, torts. Any trick or artifice employed by one person to induce another to fall into an error, or to detain him in it, so that he may make an agreement contrary to his interest. The fraud may consist either, first, in the misrepresentation, or, secondly, in the concealment of a material fact. Fraud, force and vexation, are odious in law..... contracts, torts. Any trick or artifice employed by one person to induce another to fall into an error, or to detain him in it, so that he may make an agreement contrary to his interest. AND OR ; SUBROGATION ; WORDS legalese  lē″gə-lēz′, -lēs′   noun

Legalese informally refers to specialized terminology and phrasing used by those in the legal field and within legal documents. Legalese is notoriously difficult for the public to understand. Key features of classic legalese include long, wordy, complicated sentence structures utilizing passive voice and obsolete formalisms, and the usage of Latin, archaic, or unnecessarily long words when simpler and clearer language exists. Continued education link: https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/legalese

Bouvier's Law Dictionary
1856 Edition

S

STAMP, revenue. An impression made on paper, by order of the government, which must be used in reducing certain contracts to writing, for The purpose of raising a revenue. Vide Stark. Ev. h. t.; 1 Phil. Ev. 444.

2. Maryland is the only state in the United States that has enacted a stamp.

Bills of Exchange Act 1908

area of interest is sec 20 Inchoate instruments

20 Inchoate instruments

(1)

Where a simple signature on a blank stamped paper is delivered by the signer in order that it may be converted into a bill, it operates as a prima facie authority to fill it up as a complete bill for any amount the stamp will cover, using the signature for that of the drawer, or the acceptor, or an indorser; and in like manner, where a bill is wanting in any material particular, the person in possession of it has a prima facie authority to fill up the omission in any way he or she thinks fit.

(2)

In order that any such instrument when completed may be enforceable against any person who became a party thereto prior to its completion, it must be filled up within a reasonable time, and strictly in accordance with the authority given. Reasonable time for this purpose is a question of fact:

provided that if any such instrument after completion is negotiated to a holder in due course, it shall be valid and effectual for all purposes in his or her hands, and he or she may enforce it as if it had been filled up within a reasonable time and strictly in accordance with the authority given.

Compare: 1883 No 8 s 20

inchoate /ĭn-kō′ĭt, -āt/

 

adjective

  1. Being in a beginning or early stage; incipient.
  2. Imperfectly formed or developed; disordered or incoherent.
  3. Recently, or just, begun; beginning; partially but not fully in existence or operation; existing in its elements; incomplete.
    Similar: beginningincomplete

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition • More at Wordnik

 

THE STAMP COMPLETES THE DOCUMENT AND MAKES AN INCHOATE INSTRUMENT COMPLETE!!!

STAMP DUTY ON BACK OF ALL PAGES OF YOUR DOCUMENT!!!

NOW WE NEED A WITNESS ON DOCUMENT OTHER THAN NOTARY!!!

Matthew 18:16

ESV But if he does not listen, take one or two others along with you, that every charge may be established by the evidence of two or three witnesses.

WHEN THERE ARE NO NOTARIES USE  BILLS OF EXCHANGE ACT 95 Protest when notary not accessible

95 Protest when notary not accessible

(1)

Where a dishonoured bill or note is authorised or required to be protested, and the services of a notary (In the California Republic a Court of Record has no Rules and notary is only recording the document in the superior courts file cabinet take note Title 26 U.S.C. Sec 7806; defeats all other court except a Court of Record)  cannot be obtained at the place where the bill is dishonoured, any householder or substantial resident of the place may, in the presence of 2 witnesses, give a certificate, signed by them, attesting the dishonour of the bill, and the certificate shall in all respects operate as if it were a formal protest of the bill.

(2)

The form given in Schedule 2 may be used with necessary modifications, and if used shall be sufficient.

Compare: 1883 No 8 s 94

use schedule 2 

Schedule 2 Protest where the services of a notary cannot be obtained

s 95

Know all people that I, AB [householder], of [specify], in New Zealand,("United States" or "State" Domicile) at the request of CD, there being no notary public available, did on [date], at [place], demand payment [or acceptance] of the bill of exchange hereunder written, from EF, to which demand he or she made answer [state answer, if any]: wherefore I now, in the presence of GH and JK, do protest the said bill of exchange.

(Signed) AB the tribunal-principal-beneficiary......etc..... (ask the TRIBUNAL if you have any questions) 

GH or JK  witnesses or more if you want follow the structure add as many as you can or want to join.....

Note: the bill itself should be annexed, or a copy of the bill, and all that is written thereon should be underwritten.

Compare: 1883 No 8 Schedule 1

THE PEOPLE HAVE THIS METHOD TO HOLE YOU COURT WITHOUT HAVING TO GO TO COURT BECAUSE THE NOTICE IS THE COURT!

 

HIGH COURT RULES (CROWN) / COURT OF RECORD (CALIFORNIA REPUBLIC OR STATES UNITED REPUBLIC "AMERICA" USA) 

1.3 Interpretation ; 1.3  Interpretation

(1) In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires,—

Act means the Senior Courts Act 2016

address for service, in relation to a party, means the address of a place in New Zealand( or "UNITED STATES" or a "STATE" Resident or U.S. Citizen,) at which a document may be left for that party, or to which it may be sent by post to that party, under these rules or, if the party is a defendant as defined in section 4(1) of the Trans-Tasman Proceedings Act 2010 who is served in Australia under section 13 of that Act with an initiating document for a proceeding, the address of a place in New Zealand or Australia (or "UNITED STATES" or a "STATE" Resident or U.S. Citizen,)  that, under section 18 of that Act, is or is to be treated as the defendant’s address for service for the proceeding

appearance means a document that states a "Person’s" or "Person" address for service, and is either—

(a) an appearance and objection to the jurisdiction of the court under rule 5.49; or

(b)an appearance for ancillary purposes under rule 5.50; or

(c)an appearance reserving rights under rule 5.51; or

(d)an appearance authorized by any other rule

application without notice has the same meaning as in rule 7.23

 

THERE ARE NO RULES IN A COURT OF RECORD and there is no other valid court available in the "United States" or any "State" there of

FOLLOW THE CRIMES ACT OF Crimes Act 1961 2 Interpretation

"Person" or "Persons", owner, and in other words and expressions of the like kind, include the Crown ("United States" or "State" defined in title 26 u.s.c. Sec 7806;) and any public body or local authority, and (governmental entity  Title 18 USC § 2711(4) )any board, society, or company, and any other body of "Persons", whether incorporated or not, and the inhabitants of the district of any local authority, in relation to such acts and things as it or they are capable of doing or owning

The people are not the "PERSON" we are the TRIBUNAL-PRINCIPAL-BENEFICIARY  the "PERSON" is our "Vessel" legal entity fiction estate trust, Period!!!

NO REAL REASON TO GO TO COURT THE DOCUMENT WILL WORK.....

MAIL OR SERVE ALL DOCUMENTS EMAIL AS WELL IF POSSIBLE OR TAKE YOUR DOCUMENT TO THE COURT!!!

CONTINUED EDUCATION VIDEO LINK: https://www.bitchute.com/video/yWyC81voK9NF/

 

Enforcement of foreign judgments

 

In law, the enforcement of foreign judgments is the recognition and enforcement in one jurisdiction of judgments rendered in another ("foreign") jurisdiction. Foreign judgments may be recognized based on bilateral or multilateral treaties or understandings, or unilaterally without an express international agreement. CONTINUED EDUCATION & TRAINING LINK: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enforcement_of_foreign_judgments

RECIPROCAL ENFORCEMENT OF
FOREIGN JUDGMENTS ACT 1959

2020 REVISED EDITION

This revised edition incorporates all amendments up to and including 1 December 2021 and comes into operation on 31 December 2021

An Act to make provision for the enforcement in Singapore of judgments and awards given in foreign countries which afford reciprocal treatment to judgments given in Singapore, for facilitating the enforcement in foreign countries of judgments given in Singapore and for matters connected therewith. CONTINUED EDUCATION & TRAINING LINK: https://sso.agc.gov.sg/Act/REFJA1959

 

 

“Right is right even if no one is doing it; wrong is wrong even if everyone is doing it.”

 


     Saint August

Our promise to the people is full spectrum dominance 

Our highly qualified experts will complete any task fast and reliably and to the letter of the LAW!!!

We guarantee fast and discrete handling of all your business tasks. Our team of highly qualified Tribunals for special masters service are available day and night, because the people's satisfaction is our highest priority.

IN SHORT THERE IS NO LEGAL SYSTEM - JUST A FRAUD/PIRACY; Start date Aug 17, 1954 ; Title 18 U.S.C. SEC 1001  contracts, torts. Any trick or *artifice employed* by one person to induce another to fall into an error, or to detain him in it, so that he may make an agreement contrary to his interest. AND OR ; SUBROGATION ; WORDS legalese  lē″gə-lēz′, -lēs′   noun

  1. The specialized or technical (FRAUD LANGUAGE) language of the legal profession, especially when considered to be complex or abstruse.(FRAUD)
  2. A style of writing or speaking heavily emphasizing the abstruse technical vocabulary of the law, to the point where a speech or document may be incomprehensible to non-specialists.(FRAUDSTERS-UNDERSTANDING)
  3. The technical talk of the legal profession, (FRAUD) the argot of lawyers. 

( THE ONLY SYSTEM STANDING IS LAWFUL/COMMON LAW in a court of record under command of A____Tribunal or Special Master: only; practicing LAW)

A___ COURT OF RECORD Superior Court California 

There can be no collateral attacks on a court of record under command of a tribunal or special master. (Unless the tribunal has damaged another sovereign the purest definition of A COURT OF RECORD) There is no venue present in the legal system (Statutes) to challenge, infer, imply, presume, suggest, push, lie, agree, misrepresent, interpret, build out, and create a venue, or the application of any of the 12 presumptions of the BAR guild commerce court, there can be no truth in commerce, minus any legislative construction. There is no standing for any collateral attack. This is clearly defined in the statutes by referencing (b) in Sec 7806 of title 26 U.S. code; (b) Arrangement and classification; No inference, implication, or presumption of legislative construction shall be drawn or made by reason of the location or grouping of any particular section or provision or portion of this title, nor shall any table of contents, table of cross references, or similar outline, analysis, or descriptive matter relating to the contents of this title be given any legal effect. (Aug. 16, 1954, Ch. 736, 68A Stat. 917.) (Prohibition start date by statute, under treaty, charter, constitution of this state, and the constitution of the United States). Personal treaties relate exclusively to the "persons" (see Title 26 U.S.C. §7701(a) (1)) of the contracting sovereigns, such as family alliances, and treaties guaranteeing the throne to a particular sovereign and his family. (BLACKS LAW 4th edition Pg. 1674).  A___ Charter is the grant of authority or rights, stating that the granter formally recognizes the prerogative of the recipient to exercise the rights (for the legal entity "Person" Vessel of the contracting sovereigns) specified. It is implicit that the granter (we the people) retains superiority (or sovereignty), and that the recipient (governmental entity) admits a limited (or inferior; see Sec 7806 of title 26 U.S. code, governmental entity administration restrictions of the "person" or "persons" rendering the agent, ( or, agents, officer, attorney, judge, justice, sheriff, etc.) to a principal, to agent, relationship with the people of the republic) status within the relationship, and it is within that sense that charters were historically granted, and it is that sense which is retained in modern usage of the term.

 Who will lead the new country? Thomas Paine had an answer: “In America, the law is king.”( A____Tribunal/Special master)

Why Our Legal System is Collapsing (REAL ANSWER FRAUD/ lawful system is still standing/ Notice in LAW) continued education link; https://www.armstrongeconomics.com/international-news/rule-of-law/why-our-legal-system-is-collapsing/ 

dolus vitiates omnia tangit; fraud vitiates everything it touches;

SINCE THE 1940'S! DEEP FAKE!(fraud artifice employed) Continued education link: https://www.bitchute.com/video/2lmCdvHeYwnL/

CONTINUED EDUCATION FRAUD ARTIFICE EMPLOYED LINK: https://www.bitchute.com/video/CcHi9Gk3GQuh/

Artifice employed development and organizational methods thereof continued education link: https://www.bitchute.com/video/cg6JoPdvGVaq/

Artifice employed;PRIVATE INTERVIEW WITH ZECHARIA SITCHIN. RARE VIDEO INTERVIEW:

Continued education link: https://www.bitchute.com/video/8KKDAyWgpqly/

What Are the Three Branches of U.S. Government and How Do They Work Together? The three branches are: 

Continued education link: https://people.howstuffworks.com/famous-supreme-court-cases.htm 

  • The executive branch, which includes the president (Governor in California) and the agencies (California agencies) he controls
  • The legislative branch, consisting of the two houses of Congress, (in California state Assembly and the state Senate) which are the House of Representatives and the Senate; and; 
  • Continued education Judicial branch doc link: https://www.courts.ca.gov/documents/judicial_branch_overview.pdf
  • The judicial branch, which includes the Supreme Court (in California 58 superior courts (trial courts) throughout the state with 1 per county • 6 Courts of Appeal • 1 Supreme Court with 7 justices) and all the nation's federal and state courts.

Continued education link: https://www.courts.ca.gov/documents/ThreeBranchesHighSchool2019.pdf

The  U.S. government  or the State government in California (Federal or State) both of these corporate legislative bodies operate through a venue of an "governmental entity".  This "governmental entity" is how they speak (verbally) and (reduced down to written form) communicate "legislative construction" (Announcements not Law suggestions) to the people of the republic of the united states of america (Federal and State) and that of the California republic.   

This is illustrated in the California Government code 8202.5; California Government Code Sec 8202.5; The Secretary of State may appoint and commission the number of state, city, “county”, and public school district employees as notaries public to act for and on behalf of the “governmental entity” for which appointed which the Secretary of State deems proper. This is no different for any agency of the federal or state government all communication is through the governmental entity. Through appointment or election officers, executives, Representatives, Congress or House, all are agents which speak and act on behalf of their agency's, legislative body,  executive body, and judicial body "governmental entity".  This point is clearly illustrated in California Government code California Government Code Sec 7920.510; (a) (i) (j);(a) A county. (i) Another local public agency. (j) An “entity” that is a legislative body of a local agency pursuant to subdivision (c) or (d) of Section 54952. ; This is further highlighted California Government Code sec 54952; (a); (c) (A); (a). The governing body of a local agency or any other local body created by state or federal statute. (c) (A) Is created by the elected legislative body in order to exercise authority that may lawfully be delegated by the elected governing body to a private corporation, limited liability company, or other entity. The Governmental entity must have a venue vehicle to communicate to the people of the state and that of the republic. This vehicle TO COMMUNICATE THROUGH is the ESTATE TRUST "Person or "persons" Legal entity "VESSEL" This connection between the “vessel” and that of the “governmental entity” is the legal entity “Person” it’s the vehicle conduit transmitting utility which commercial traffic (legislative construction, contractual agreements) moves through. This operational system is in an admiralty, equity, or maritime court jurisdiction of the United States, hence the vessel because Vessel are named in all capital letters, or vehicle either description if it’s not disclosed in a contractual agreement. That’s not full disclosure and the vessel, is in distress and in danger of being plundered, as described in title 18 CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE u.s.c. sec 1658; Plunder of distressed vessel; (a) Whoever plunders, steals, or destroys any money, goods, merchandise, or other effects from or belonging to any vessel in distress,; or in any other place within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States.

The Charter or Treaty with the people of the California Republic, and the State of California and of the United States are administrated through the " Person" legal entity, all agency's communication of legislative construction be it verbal or reduced down to written form is emanating from a governmental entity which agents speak for and on behalf of. 

A___ Charter is the grant of authority or rights, stating that the granter formally recognizes the prerogative of the recipient to exercise the rights (for the legal entity "Person") specified. It is implicit that the granter (we the people) retains superiority (or sovereignty), and that the recipient (governmental entity) admits a limited (or inferior see Sec 7806 of title 26 U.S. code, governmental entity administration restrictions of the "person" or "persons" rendering the agent, ( or, agents, officer, attorney, judge, justice, sheriff, etc.) to a principal, to agent, relationship with the people of the republic) status within the relationship, and it is within that sense that charters were historically granted, and it is that sense which is retained in modern usage of the term.

Continued education link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charter

Bouvier's Law Dictionary 1856 Edition      C

A___ Charter differs from a CONSTITUTION in this that the former is granted by the sovereign, while the latter is established by the people (sovereign authority, we the people) themselves: both are the fundamental law of the land.

CHARTER, mar. contr. An agreement by which a vessel is hired by the owner to another; as A B chartered the ship Benjamin Franklin to C D. ( Special Master Agreement in a court of record)

BLACKS LAW 4th edition Pg. 298

CHARTER, n. An instrument emanating from the sovereign power, in the nature of a grant, either to the whole nation, or to a class or portion of the people, or to a colony or dependency, and assuring to them certain rights, liberties, or powers. Such was the "Great Charter" or "'Magna Charta," and such also were the charters granted to certain of the English colonies in America. See Story, Const. § 161; 1 Bla.Comm. 108. A charter differs from a constitution, in that the former is granted by the sovereign, while the latter is established by the people themselves. A city's organic law. Hudson Motor Car Co. v. City of Detroit, 282 Mich. 69, 275 N.W. 770, 773, 113 A.L.R. 1472.

Bouvier's Law Dictionary 1856 Edition        T

TREATY, international law. A___ treaty is a compact made between two or more independent nations (see Law of Nations, & Title 18 U.S. Code Sec 1651) (BAR guild is not a Nation, no court (venue for commerce) it is shut down due to Sec 7806 of title 26 U.S. code (a) & (b) among other acts and codes on the books ) with a view to the public welfare treaties are for a perpetuity, or for a considerable time. Those matters which are accomplished by a single act, and are at once perfected in their execution, are called agreements, conventions and pactions.

Continued education link Bouvier' LAW Dictionary: https://www.1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm

BLACKS LAW 4th edition Pg. 1674

A___ "treaty" is not only a law but also a contract between two nations (private BAR guild is not a Nation) and must, if possible, be so construed as to give full force and effect to all its parts. "United States" v. Reid, C.C.A.Or., 73 F.2d 153, 155.

Continued education link private BAR guild 12 presumption of a court: https://statenational-downloads.s3.amazonaws.com/education/twelve-presumptions.pdf

Personal treaties relate exclusively to the "persons" of the contracting sovereigns, such as family alliances, and treaties guaranteeing the throne (All estates, assets, capital, equity, credit, must be returned to the particular contracting sovereign house/name; Hence, sovereign power and dignity; also, the one who occupies a throne, or is invested with sovereign authority; an exalted or dignified personage; link; https://duckduckgo.com/?q=throne&atb=v316-1&t=chromentp&ia=web&iax=definition )to a particular sovereign (King Gone; An Act for Abolishing the Kingly Office (1649) ) and his family. As they relate to the "persons", they expire of course on the death of the sovereign or the extinction of his family. With the advent of constitutional government in Europe these treaties have lost their importance. Real treaties relate solely to the subject-matters of the convention, (administration of the legal entity "persons" of we the people) independently of the "persons" of the contracting parties, and continue to bind the “state” (or the “united states” binding in commerce, however not in law, the venue (court) is not present due to Sec 7806 of title 26 U.S. code (a) Cross references: which states that there is no legal affect, and (b) Arrangement and classification, NO inferences implication, or presumption of legislative construction, shall be drawn or made or given any legal affect. The fact that laws of the “United States” and the “state” have no legal affect prevent commerce to have a venue. Which the treaty drawn with the private bar guild and the operation or administration of Legal entity “Person” or “Persons” through the governmental entities administration of the 12 presumptions of a BAR guild court, and have no application due to there is no venue (court) in commerce weather or not there is agreement, in any way shape of form the application of any administration moves through LAW first and cannot reach through to truth in commerce) , although there may be changes in its constitution ( no change in the constitution, see California constitution article VI court of record) or in the persons ( no change in the “person” or “Persons” see The first Imperial Act of 1275 without respect of “persons” ,and see Deuteronomy 1:17  ye shall not respect “persons” in judgement ) of its rulers. Boyd's Wheat. Int. Law § 29.

Canon 3228 A Roman Court does not operate according to any true rule of law, (all admiralty, equity, & maritime courts are shut down for the administration of "Persons" due to Sec 7806 of title 26 U.S. code the only court of LAW is a court of record,  which must be under command of the Tribunal /or Spacial Master) but by presumptions of the law. Therefore, if presumptions presented by the private Bar Guild (Not a Nation, which is requirement for a treaty)are not rebutted they become fact and are therefore said to stand true [Or as "truth in commerce'] (Commerce is not LAW)There are twelve (12) key presumptions asserted by the private Bar Guilds(Not A Nation) which if unchallenged stand true (In commerce not in LAW and has no binding legal affect NO means NO)being Public Record, Public Service, Public Oath, Immunity, Summons, Custody, Court of Guardians, Court of Trustees, Government as Executor/Beneficiary, Executor De Son Tort, Incompetence, and Guilt: All are shut down due to sec 7806 title 26 U.S. Code; No legal Affect shall be drawn;

Continued education link Blacks LAW Dictionary 4th edition: https://www.1215.org/lawnotes/dictionaries/1968_blacks_law_dictionary_4th_ed.pdf

A___ Treaty is a formal, legally binding written contract between actors (the "united states", and the "states" governmental entity,  (actors are any "agent, administrator, attorney, judge, justice, officer, assessor, clerk, mayor, governor, representative, president, secretary, banker, speaking on behalf of a governmental entity to a legal entity "person") and that of the "BAR Guild" to administrate the legal entity "Person" or "Person" in an admiralty, maritime, or equity court jurisdiction) in international law. It is usually made by and between sovereign states,[1] (California republic is a sovereign state, made of sovereign people) but can include international organizations, individuals, business entities, and other legal persons.[2][3] (legal entity " Person" or Persons" see title 26 U.S. Code Sec 7806 for definition of business entities, estates, trusts, corporation, and for others) 

A___ Treaty may also be known as an international agreement, (with the BAR GUILD See Sec 7806 of title 26 U.S. code administration of "Person" or Persons" and other entities by or through a treaty) protocol, covenant, convention, pact, or exchange of letters, among other terms. However, only documents that are legally binding(aka legislative construction) on the parties are considered treaties under international law.[4] Treaties vary on the basis of obligations (the extent to which states are bound to the rules), precision (the extent to which the rules are unambiguous), and delegation (the extent to which third parties (we the people, in a court of record, under command of the Tribunal/Special Master in his/hers competent jurisdiction) have authority to interpret, apply and make rules).[1][5]

Continued education link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty

REMEMBER THE PEOPLE COMMUNICATE THROUGH A LEGAL ENTITY TO THE GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY (AN AGENT SPEAKS FOR AND WHEN REDUCED TO WRITTEN FORM AKA "LEGISLATIVE CONSTRUCTION" AND ON BEHALF OF THE GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY, THIS COMMUNICATION VENUE "VESSEL" IS ONLY ONE WAY TRAFFIC WE THE PEOPLE TO THE GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY )THE PEOPLE ARE NOT OBLIGATED TO LISTEN OR PAY INCOME OR PROPERTY TAX, PAY FOR TICKETS, OR ANY COURT ORDERS, UNLESS THERE IS  DAMAGE OR A DAMAGED SOVEREIGN DEMANDING REMEDY! THE GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY IS PROHIBITED TO COMMUNICATE TO THE PEOPLE THROUGH THIS LEGAL ENTITY DUE TO THE SEC 7806; OF TITLE 26 U.S.CODE; WE THE PEOPLE ARE IN CONTROL PERIOD!!! 

Person - defined at Title 26 U.S.C. §7701(a)(1) only referencing statutory legal fictions: https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/26/7701

ALL LEGISLATIVE CONSTRUCTION WITHOUT FULL DISCLOSURE OF THE AGENCY'S (AGENTS) FEDERAL OR STATE GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY AND THE "PERSON" OR PERSONS" ESTATE TRUST "VESSEL" LEGAL ENTITY, IS PIRACY PRIVATEERING, FRAUD, SEDITION, AND TREASON ON THE PEOPLE OF THE REPUBLIC!

SUPERIOR COURT NOTICE IN LAW COVER SHEETS: 

Definitions for land Patents History Continued education link: da446641-6d4d-4e92-b6ba-d03a3816ebc2

New full disclosure document Continued education link: b67d48e5-f390-4de8-b214-59375a37b262 

for the full disclosure document Continued education link: d515d095-b9b0-493e-87d7-50ad34e14388

Continued education document full disclosure review* link: d8f03e95-0b67-47ee-80dd-5a2fac5345a2

Supplemental questions accompanying full disclosure document* link: 42c98fb0-c0a9-475b-b010-e3e0ace56e17

Notice in Law Remedy 1 Surety Bond Claim original describing breaches of California constitution and the breached of the constitution of the United States for review Document link: 0a50ccdc-f58d-47b4-9d88-d1dd61855722

Notice in Law Remedy 2 Surety Bond Claim breaking down the California Government & Civil Code and Title US codes which all support Notary bond Claim approval for review Document link: b3b9d39a-179a-4b64-b18d-33fa4c5a5e14 

Notice in Law Remedy 3 Surety Bond Claim Breaking down the legislative construction presentment created in the county of riverside the proof of the claim approval for review Document link: 45f7a400-6604-489a-8c79-44e10abf72be

Notice in law Remedy 4 Surety Bond Claim follow up to define scope of all duties of a notary public appointed by sectary of state for review Document link: 14d39518-e0b7-48b1-8889-8e24b6dc2830

Remedy is through the republic;QUICK REFERENCE [Latin: where there is a right there is a remedy] TITLE 26 U.S.C. SEC 7806; IS REMEDY!!!

NO FICTIONAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTERING DEAD LEGAL ENTITIES (ONLY A REPUBLIC FOR WHICH IT STANDS) THE REPUBLIC STILL STANDS PROOF LINK; https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/28/1746

ubi jus ibi remedium; QUICK REFERENCE [Latin: where there is a right there is a remedy] The principle that where one's right is invaded or destroyed, the law gives a remedy to protect it or damages for its loss. Further, where one's right is denied the law affords the remedy of an action for its enforcement. This right to a remedy therefore includes more than is usually meant in English law by the term “remedy”, as it includes a right of action;

Remedy = Surety Bond claim

What Does a Surety Bond Mean?

A surety bond (pronounced "shur-ih-tee bond") can be defined in its simplest form as a written agreement to guarantee compliance, payment, or performance of an act. Surety is a unique type of insurance because it involves a three-party agreement. The three parties in a surety agreement are:

  • Principal – the party that purchases the bond and undertakes an obligation (Any state agency & agents or federal agency & agents this includes courts, policy officers, sheriffs deputies, clerks, county, city, municipal or territorial governments) to perform an act as promised.
  • Surety – the insurance company or surety company that guarantees the obligation will be performed. If the principal fails to perform the act as promised, the surety is contractually liable for losses sustained.
  • Obligee (pronounced obb-li-jee) - the party who requires, and often receives the benefit of— the surety bond. For most surety bonds, the obligee (we the people) is a local, state (we the people) or federal government (we the people) organization; Continued education link:https://www.merchantsbonding.com/ 

What is a Bond Claim? A surety bond claim is a legal action taken by the obligee (we the people/ Tribunal/special master) against the principal when the conditions of the bond or the law are violated. To understand how these claims work, you must understand what a surety bond is in its entirety.

Surety bonds protect the public from misdeeds and frauds of companies or individuals. They are often required by the federal government or individual state governments, guaranteeing truthful and honest business performance. The agreement is set between three parties: the principal, the obligee, (Tribunal & special masters) and the surety. The principal is a company or organization that needs a bond to work within a particular industry. Usually, the government (any agency or agents operating in public)  or other state authorities demand a business to obtain the surety bond as long as they are operating in public. 

The surety provides the guarantee for the payment, performance, or compliance of the principal. If the principal fails to meet the requirements of the bond, an obligee (Tribunal/special master) can file a claim against the bond. The surety is then responsible for covering all costs associated with the claim and the principal is responsible for reimbursing the surety in full. 

Title 31 U.S. Code Chapter 93 - SURETIES AND SURETY BONDS; https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/31/subtitle-VI/chapter-93

CALIFORNIA SURETY BONDS: continued education link: https://www.prosuregroup.com/california-bonds/

CALIFORNIA PUBLIC OFFICIAL SURETY BOND link; https://www.janebondsurety.com/California-Public-Official-Bond

Safe-line Surety bonds: California State Surety Bonds: link:https:https://safelinesuretybond.com/find-a-bond/government-departments/bonds-for-state-departments/california-secretary-of-state/  

Public Official Bond: A Comprehensive Guide: continued education link; https://www.bondexchange.com/public-official-bond/

California Public Law: Chapter 3  Official Bonds

Articles  1 General Sections 1450–1463  2  Bonds not Required by Statute  Sections 1480–1482  3  Form and Conditions
Sections 1500–1505  4  Qualifications of Sureties  Sections 1530–1532 8 Payment of Premiums Sections 1650–1653

Continued education link: https://california.public.law/codes/ca_gov't_code_title_1_div_4_chap_3

The Bond language, the law of surety-ship, set forth in California Civil Code section 2787 through 2856, the law of notaries public, set forth in California Government Code sections 8200 through 8230, the law of bonds and undertakings set forth in California Code of Civil Procedure section 995.010 through 996.560, and with the judicial decisions interpreting them, define the coverage and benefits under the Bond. 

California Government Code & California Civil Code of interest review these sections: 

California Code, Government Code - GOV § 8202.5; / California Code, Government Code - GOV § 7920.510; (a) (i) (j); 
California Code, Government Code - GOV § 8202 (a); / California Civil Code Section 1185; (a) (i) (A); / California Code, Government Code - GOV § 8205 (a) (1);  / California Code, Government Code - GOV § 8213; (a); / California Code, Civil Code - CIV § 2794; (1);

California Civil Code section 2787 through 2856, ; Continued education link;https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-2856/

California Government Code sections 8200 through 8230, ;Continued education link;https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/government-code/gov-sect-8202/ 

California Government Code - GOV § 8202 (a); (a) a notary shall administer an oath or affirmation to the “affiant” and shall determine, from satisfactory evidence as described in Section 1185 of the Civil Code, that the “affiant”  is the “person” executing the document. 

California Government Code - GOV § 8202.5; The Secretary of State may appoint and commission the number of state, city, “county”, and public school district employees as notaries public to act for and on behalf of the “governmental entity” for which appointed which the Secretary of State deems proper.  

California Government Code - GOV § 8205 (a) (1);(a) It is the "duty" of a notary public, when requested: (1) To demand acceptance and payment of foreign and inland bills of exchange, or promissory notes, to protest them for non-acceptance and nonpayment, and, with regard only to the non-acceptance or nonpayment of bills and notes, to exercise any other powers and duties that by the "law of nations" and according to "commercial usages", or by the laws of any other state, government, or country, may be performed by a notary.  

California Civil Code Section 1185;(a) The acknowledgment of an instrument shall not be taken unless the officer taking it has satisfactory evidence that the person making the acknowledgment is the individual who is described in and who executed the instrument.; Continued education link; https://california.public.law/codes/ca_civ_code_section_1185

California Government Code - GOV § 7920.510 ; As used in this division, “local agency” includes any of the following: (a) A county. Continued education link; https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/government-code/gov-sect-7920-510/

California Government Code - GOV § 54952; As used in this chapter, “legislative body” means: (a) The governing body of a local agency or any other local body created by state or federal statute. Continued education link: https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/government-code/gov-sect-54952/

California Civil Code - Civil § 2794; (1); (1)  A promise to answer for the obligation of another, in any of the following cases, is deemed an original obligation of the promisor, and need not be in writing: (1) Where the promise is made by one who has received property of another upon an undertaking to apply it pursuant to such promise; Continued education link; https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/civil-code/civ-sect-2794/ 

2009 California Code of Civil Procedure - Section 996.410-996.495 :: Article 14. Liability Of Principal And Sureties

CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE SECTION 996.410-996.495; 

Sec 996.420.  (a) A surety on a bond given in an action or proceeding submits itself to the jurisdiction of the court in all matters affecting its liability on the bond.   (b) This section does not apply to a bond of a public officer or fiduciary.
Sec 996.430.  

(a) The liability on a bond may be enforced by civil action. Both the principal and the sureties shall be joined as parties to the action.   

(b) If the bond was given in an action or proceeding, the action shall be commenced in the court in which the action or proceeding was pending. If the bond was given other than in an action or proceeding, the action shall be commenced in any court of competent jurisdiction, (Note: a court of competent jurisdiction, is a court of "LAW" and can only be achieved, in a court of record, under command of or by a Tribunal or Special Master, equity or admiralty courts are in commerce, not in law, and are not courts of competent jurisdiction. These are inferior courts, who have no jurisdiction, in any action, pleading or proceedings) and the amount of damage claimed in the action, not the amount of the bond, determines the jurisdictional classification of the case. 

Continued education link: https://law.justia.com/codes/california/2009/ccp/996.410-996.495.html

Title 13 U.S. Code sec PART 115—SURETY BOND GUARANTEE; § 115.1 Overview of regulations.

The regulations in this part cover the SBA's Surety Bond Guarantee Programs under Part B of Title IV of the Small Business Investment Act of 1958, as amended. Subpart A of this part contains regulations common to both the program requiring prior SBA approval of each bond guarantee (the Prior Approval Program) and the program not requiring prior approval (the PSB Program). Subpart B of this part contains the regulations applicable only to the Prior Approval Program. Subpart C of this part contains the regulations applicable only to the PSB Program.

Continued education link:https://www.ecfr.gov/current/title-13/chapter-I/part-115

Title 15 U.S. Code § 694b - Surety bond guarantees; 

a)Authority of Administration to guarantee surety against loss from principal’s breach of bond; 

(1)(A) The Administration may, upon such terms and conditions as it may prescribe, guarantee and enter into commitments to guarantee any surety against loss resulting from a breach of the terms of a bid bond, payment bond, performance bond, or bonds ancillary thereto, by a principal on any total work order or contract amount at the time of bond execution that does not exceed $6,500,000, as adjusted for inflation in accordance with section 1908 of title 41.

(B) The Administrator may guarantee a surety under subparagraph (A) for a total work order or contract amount that does not exceed $10,000,000, if a contracting officer of a Federal agency certifies that such a guarantee is necessary. 

Continued education link: https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/15/694b 

Insurance as an Alternative to Surety Bonds for Public Officials

Continued education link: https://www.tn.gov/content/dam/tn/tacir/commission-meetings/2013-december/2013_12_Tab4DRAFT.pdf

SUPERIOR COURT CALIFORNIA NOTICE IN LAW TO ANY AGENT, OFFICER, SHERIFF, OPERATING IN THE JURISDICTION OF THE THIS STATE, AND THAT OF THE UNITED STATES; PLEASE BE ADVISE OF THE FOLLOWING PROHIBITION (Aug. 17, 1954) ON THE LEGAL ENTITY (VESSEL) “PERSON” WHICH THE PEOPLE SPEAK AND ON BEHALF OF, TO THE “GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY” WHICH YOU SPEAK FOR AND ON BEHALF OF; 

(without full disclosure the vessel is in distress) Continued education Document link: 8bcc70b4-4bcf-4e44-8f6d-25bf3fb65c07

TITLE 18 U.S. Code § 1651 - Piracy under law of nations;

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Whoever, on the high seas, commits the crime of piracy as defined by the law of nations, and is afterwards brought into or found in the United States, shall be imprisoned for life.         (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 774.)

Title 15 U.S.C. Sec 77b (a)(2); trust; "A Vessel" under admiralty law or maritime law;  

(Your; Estate trust your ALL Cap name on a ; Birth certificate; Drivers license; bank card; property tax presentment; court order; any admiralty or equity court docs; tickets; any bill of exchange; federal income tax; power of attorney; credit cards; loans; mortgages; Fannie may Freddie mac;  any bonds; any treasures; any securities; Without the expressed written permission in full disclosure with specific performance contractual agreement is piracy on the high seas, fraud, sedition, and high treason; committed on to your transmitting utility an estate trust; a vessel lost at sea;) aka without full disclosure lost at sea!!!)   

(2) The term “person” means an individual, a corporation, a partnership, an association, a joint-stock company, a trust, any unincorporated organization, or a government or political subdivision thereof. As used in this paragraph the term “trust” shall include only a trust where the interest or interests of the beneficiary or beneficiaries are evidenced by a security. (the security is your birth certificate)  Source  15 USC § 77b(a)(2) Note in Title 26 U.S.C. Sec 7806; States; nor shall any table of contents, table of cross references, or similar outline, analysis, or descriptive matter relating to the contents of this title be given any legal effect.   

CHAPTER 81—PIRACY AND PRIVATEERING

Sec. 1651.Piracy under law of nations. (see above) 1652.Citizens as pirates. 1653.Aliens as pirates. 1654.Arming or serving on privateers. 1655.Assault on commander as piracy. 1656.Conversion or surrender of vessel. 1657.Corruption of seamen and confederating with pirates. 1658.Plunder of distressed vessel. 1659.Attack to plunder vessel. 1660.Receipt of pirate property. 1661.Robbery ashore.


 TITLE 18 U.S. Code § 1658. Plunder of distressed vessel; 

(a) Whoever plunders, steals, or destroys any money, goods, merchandise, or other effects from or belonging to any vessel in distress, or wrecked, lost,(without full disclose YOU ARE LOST!) stranded, or cast away, upon the sea, or upon any reef, shoal, bank,(FINANCIAL ORGANIZATION) or rocks of the sea, or in any other place within the "admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States" (ANY AGENCY, OR GOVERNMENT ENTITY, OR COURT THERE OF), shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both.

(b) Whoever willfully obstructs the escape of any "person" endeavoring to save his life from such vessel, or the wreck thereof; or Whoever holds out or shows any false light, or extinguishes any true light, with intent to bring any vessel sailing upon the sea into danger or distress or shipwreckShall be imprisoned not less than ten years and may be imprisoned for life. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 775; Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, §330016(1)(K), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.) Continued education link: https://uscode.house.gov/view.xhtml?path=/prelim@title18/part1/chapter81&edition=prelim

See below for any taxing authority: ONLY DUTIES, IMPOSTS AND EXCISES AND THAT'S IT!!! IN ALL 50 STATES!!!

United States Constitution Article I  Legislative Branch  Section 8 Enumerated Powers

  • ArtI.S8.1  Overview of Congress's Enumerated Powers (No Income Taxes or Property Taxes on the "Person")
  • Clause 1 General Welfare

The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;  

Continued education link: https://constitution.congress.gov/browse/article-1/section-8/

THE LAW OF NATIONS OR PRINCIPLES OF THE LAW OF NATURE APPLIED TO THE CONDUCT AND AFFAIRS OF NATIONS AND SOVEREIGNS;

§ 1. What is meant by a nation or state. NATIONS or states are bodies politic, societies of men united together for the purpose of promoting their mutual safely and advantage by the joint efforts of their combined strength. 

§ 2. It is a moral person. Such a society has her affairs and her interests; she deliberates and takes resolutions in common; thus becoming a moral person, who possesses an understanding and a will peculiar to herself, and is susceptible of obligations and rights. To establish on a solid foundation the obligations and rights of nations, is the design of this work. 

§ 3. Definition of the law of nations. The Law of Nations is the science which teaches the rights subsisting between nations or states, and the obligations correspondent to those rights. (1)

§ 4. In what light nations or states are to be considered. Nations being composed of men naturally free and independent, and who, before the establishment of civil societies, lived together in the state of nature,Nations, or sovereign states, are to be considered as so many free persons living together in the state of nature. 

§ 10. Of states forming a federal republic.

Finally, several sovereign and independent states may unite themselves together by a perpetual confederacy, without ceasing to be, each individually, a perfect state. They will together constitute a federal republic: their joint deliberations will not impair the sovereignty of each member, though they may, in certain respects, put some restraint on the exercise of it, in virtue of voluntary engagements. A "person" does not cease to be free and independent, when he is obliged to fulfil engagements which he has voluntarily contracted. (see; personnel treaties relate exclusively to the "persons" of the contracting sovereigns; BLACKS LAW 4th edition Pg. 1674)

Such were formerly the cities of Greece; such are at present the Seven United Provinces of the Netherlands, (13) and such the members of the Helvetic body.

§ 12. The objects of this treatise.

IF the rights of a nation spring from its obligations, it is principally from those that relate to itself. It will further appear, that its duties towards others depend very much on its duties towards itself, as the former are to be regulated and measured by the latter. As we are then to treat of the obligations and rights of nations, an attention to order requires that we should begin by establishing what each nation owes to itself.

§ 13. A nation ought to act agreeably to its nature.

The general and fundamental rule of our duties towards ourselves is, that every moral being ought to live in a manner conformable to his nature, naturae conveni enter vivere. (14) A nation is a being determined by its essential attributes, that has its own nature, and can act in conformity to it. There are then actions of a nation as such, wherein it is concerned in its national character, and which are either suitable or opposite to what constitutes it a nation; so that it is not a matter of indifference whether it performs some of those actions, and omits others. In this respect, the Law of Nature prescribes it certain duties. We shall see, in this first book, what conduct a nation ought to observe, in order that it may not be wanting to itself. But we shall first sketch out a general idea of this subject.

§ 14. Of the preservation and perfection of a nation.

He who no longer exists can have no duties to perform: and a moral being is charged with obligations to himself, only with a view to his perfection and happiness: for to preserve and to perfect his own nature, is the sum of all his duties to himself.

The preservation of a nation is found in what renders it capable of obtaining the end of civil society; and a nation is in a perfect state, when nothing necessary is wanting to arrive at that end. We know that the perfection of a thing consists, generally, in the perfect agreement of all its constituent parts to tend to the same end. A nation being a multitude of men united together in civil society — if in that multitude all conspire to attain the end proposed in forming a civil society, the nation is perfect; and it is more or less so, according as it approaches more or less to that perfect agreement. In the same manner its external state will be more or less perfect, according as it concurs with the interior perfection of the nation,

§ 19. It ought to avoid every thing that might occasion its destruction.

By an evident consequence from what has been said, a nation ought carefully to avoid, as much as possible, whatever might cause its destruction, or that of the state, which is the same thing.

§ 22. And to avoid every thing contrary to its perfection.

A nation therefore ought to prevent, and carefully to avoid, whatever may hinder its perfection and that of the state, or retard the progress either of the one or the other. (19)

IDEA AND GENERAL PRINCIPLES In this treatise it will appear, in what manner States, as such, ought to regulate all their actions. We shall examine the obligations of a people as well towards themselves as towards other nations; and by that means we shall discover the Rights which result from these obligations. For, the right being nothing more than the power of doing what is morally possible, that is to say, what is proper and consistent with duty — it is evident that right is derived from duty, or passive obligation,— the obligation we lie under to act in such or such manner. It is therefore necessary that a Nation should acquire a knowledge of the obligations incumbent on her, in order that she may not only avoid all violation of her duty, but also be able distinctly to ascertain her rights, or what she may lawfully require from other nations. 

§ 26. Of public authority. We have seen already that every political society must necessarily establish a public authority to regulate their common affairs, — to prescribe to each individual the conduct he ought to observe with a view to the public welfare, and to possess the means of procuring obedience. This authority essentially belongs to the body of the society; but it may be exercised in a variety of ways; and every society has a right to choose that mode which suits it best.

§ 27. What is the constitution of a state.  The fundamental regulation that determines the manner in which the public authority is to be executed, is what forms the constitution of the state. In this is seen the form in which the nation acts in quality of a body politic, how and by whom the people are to be governed, — and what are the rights and duties of the governors. This constitution is in fact nothing more than the establishment of the order in which a nation proposes to labour in common for obtaining those advantages with a view to which the political society was established.

§ 29. Of political, fundamental, and civil laws. The laws are regulations established by public authority, to be observed in society. All these ought to relate to the welfare of the state and of the citizens. The laws made directly with a view to the public welfare are political laws; and in this class, those that concern the body itself and the being of the society, the form of government, the manner in which the public authority is to be exerted, —  those, in a word, which together form the constitution of the state, are the fundamental laws. (Along with federal code, state code, civil code, and regulations, embody public authority under laws of nations)

§ 38. Of the sovereign. THE reader cannot expect to find here a long deduction of the rights of sovereignty, and the functions of a prince. These are to be found in treatises on the public law. In this chapter we only propose to show, in consequence of the grand principles of the law of nations, what a sovereign is, and to give a general idea of his obligations and his rights. (Rights protected by constitution & codes)

We have said that the sovereignty is that public authority which commands in civil society, and orders and directs what each citizen is to perform, to obtain the end of its institution. This authority originally and essentially belonged to the body of the society, to which each member submitted, and ceded his natural right of conducting himself in everything as he pleased, according to the dictates of his own understanding, and of doing himself justice. But the body of the society does not always retain in its own hands this sovereign authority: it frequently in-trusts it to a senate, or to a single person. That senate,(see sec 7806 title 26 U.S.C. Prohibition on the administration of "persons" or "person" ; also see personnel treaties Blacks Law 4th ed pg.1674) or that "person", is then the sovereign.  (One of the People

§ 86. Obligation to cultivate the home trade.

Nations are obliged to cultivate the home trade, — first, because it is clearly demonstrated from the law of nature, that mankind ought mutually to assist each other, and, as far as in their power, contribute to the perfection and happiness of their fellow-creatures: whence arises, after the introduction of private property, the obligation to resign to others, at a fair price, those things which they have occasion for, and which we do not destine for our own use. Secondly, society being established with a view that each may procure whatever things are necessary to his own perfection and happiness — and a home trade being the means of obtaining them — the obligations to carry on and improve this trade are derived from the very compact on which the society was formed. Finally, being advantageous to the nation, it is a duty the people owe to themselves, to make this commerce flourish.

§ 293. Right to wrecks. (86)

It is necessary to mention the right to wrecks — a right which was the wretched offspring of barbarism, and which has almost everywhere fortunately disappeared with its parent. Justice and humanity cannot allow of it, except in those cases only where the proprietors of the effects saved from a wreck cannot possibly be discovered. In such cases, those effects belong to the person who is the first to take possession of them, or to the sovereign, if the law (IN YOUR COURT OF RECORD ALL IS RESERVED FOR THE TRIBUNAL OR SPECIAL MASTER; REST ASSURED)  reserves them for him.

Continued education link: https://famguardian.org/Publications/LawOfNations/vattel_01.htm

Continued education link: https://www.nlnrac.org/earlymodern/law-of-nations

Continued education link: https://lonang.com/wp-content/download/Vattel-LawOfNations.pdf

BOND REQUEST LETTER CALIFORNIA continued education link:https://bondsforthewin.com/bond-request-letter-california/

CASE FILE: COL LETTER OF INTENT continued education link: https://bondsforthewin.com/case-file-col-letter-of-intent/

California Code of Civil Procedure section 338 is the statute of limitations applicable to claims on California Notary Public Bonds. ;Within three years:

(a) An action upon a liability created by statute, other than a penalty or forfeiture.

(b) An action for trespass upon or injury to real property. (Protected Rights violated) 

(c)(1) An action for taking, detaining, or injuring goods or chattels, including an action for the specific recovery of personal property. ; Continued education link; https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/code-of-civil-procedure/ccp-sect-338/

California Code of Regulations Title 10 - Investment Chapter 5 - Insurance Commissioner Sub-chapter 7.5 - Unfair or Deceptive Acts or Practices in the Business of Insurance Article 1 - Fair Claims Settlement Practices Regulations
Section 2695.10 - Additional Standards Applicable to Surety Insurance; (a) No insurer shall base or vary its claims settlement practices, or its standard of scrutiny and review, upon the claimant's age, gender, income, religion, language, sexual orientation, ancestry, national origin, or physical disability, or upon the territory of the property or person insured.

(b) As soon as possible, but in no event later than forty (40) calendar days after receipt by the insurer of proof of claim, and provided the claim is not in litigation or arbitration, the insurer shall accept or deny the claim, in whole or in part, and affirm or deny liability. Every insurer that denies or rejects a claim in whole or in part, or disputes liability or damages, shall provide to the claimant a written statement listing all bases for such rejection or denial, and the factual and legal bases for each reason given for each rejection or denial, which are within the insurer's knowledge. If an insurer's denial of a claim in whole or in part is based on a specific statute or specific bond provisions, the denial shall include reference thereto and provide an explanation of the application of the statute or bond provision to the claim. Written notification pursuant to this subsection shall also include a notification that the claimant may have the matter reviewed by the California Department of Insurance and shall provide the address and telephone number of the unit of the Department which reviews complaints regarding claims practices. Continued education link; https://regulations.justia.com/states/california/title-10/chapter-5/subchapter-7-5/article-1/section-2695-10/ 

Quantum Valebat; an action to recover of the defendant for goods sold, as much as they were worth.            

NO DEMOCRAT OR REPUBLICAN PARTY(ONLY WE THE PEOPLE)

NO DEMOCRACY JUST THE CROWN & (PRINCIPAL & AGENT DE-FACTO RELATIONSHIP)THE CROWN = (PLACENTA) the (paper) younger = Agent / THE ELDER = ( BABY) = living(lawful) man = Principal / Crown Agents Crown Agents originated as a body conducting financial transactions for British colonies. Agents were first appointed in 1749 to transfer and account for grants made to colonies from the British Treasury.[4] These representatives were known unofficially as 'Crown Agents' from at least 1758, and were accountable to colonial governments, though selected on the recommendation of the British government.[4] A single body was created in 1833, when the Crown Agents' business was consolidated under two Joint Agents General for Crown Colonies with an office of several; 

PROHIBITED BY TITLE 26 U.S.C. SEC 7806; AKA; "PERSON" defined at 26 USC §7701(a)(1) only referencing statutory legal fictions

NO ADMINISTRATION OF DEAD LEGAL ENTITIES; THE(ESTATE TRUST CREATED AT YOUR BIRTH; WHICH YOU ARE THE PRINCIPAL- BENEFICIARY) WHICH CAN ONLY BE ADMINISTERED BY THE TRIBUNAL-PRINCIPAL-BENEFICIARY; DUE TO THE PROHIBITION OF THE  AGENCY AND OR AGENT BY TITLE 26 U.S.C. SEC 7806; 

NO FINANCIAL SYSTEM (PROVIDING SERVICE FOR ANY ESTATE TRUST; BY P.O.A. AND COPY OF BIRTH CERTIFICATE) THE ESTATE TRUSTS HAVE BEEN PROHIBITED FOR ANY ADMINISTRATION WHICH INCLUDES FINANCIAL AGENCY'S AND OR AGENTS; ALL  CONTRACTUAL AGREEMENTS ARE UNCRUSHABLE CONTRACTS; TITLE 26 U.S.C. SEC 7806; IS A PROHIBITION ON THE LEGAL ENTITY ADMINISTRATION BY AN ADMINISTRATION, AGENCY, AND OR AGENT ONLY THE TRIBUNAL-PRINCIPAL-BENEFICIARY HAS THE DISCRETION TO ADMINISTER HIS RESPECTIVE ESTATE TRUST PERIOD!!!

NO COURT SYSTEM: California Constitution Article VI – Judicial Section 1. The judicial power of this State is vested in the Supreme Court, courts of appeal, and superior courts, all of which are courts of record. Continued education link; https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/28

CANON 1; A JUDGE SHALL UPHOLD THE INTEGRITY* AND INDEPENDENCE* OF THE JUDICIARY; An independent, impartial,* and honorable judiciary is indispensable to justice in our society. A judge should participate in establishing, maintaining, and enforcing high standards of conduct, and shall personally observe those standards so that the integrity* and independence* of the judiciary is preserved. The provisions of this code are to be construed and applied to further that objective. A judicial decision or administrative act later determined to be incorrect legally is not itself a violation of this code.

This Judiciary is a court of record under command of a Tribunal /Special Master or a jury not paid by the government as defined in Jones v. Jones 

(OTHER THAN A COURT OF RECORD). A "court of record" is a judicial tribunal having attributes and exercising functions independently of the person of the magistrate (*designated generally to hold it*), and proceeding according to the course of common law, its acts and proceedings being enrolled for a perpetual memorial.  Jones v. Jones, 188 Mo.App. 220, 175 S.W. ;

Note: that a judge is a magistrate and is not the tribunal. The tribunal is either the sovereign himself, or a fully empowered jury 

(not paid by the government) 

 

The word "court" is often employed in statutes other wise than in its strict technical sense, and is applied to various tribunals not judicial in their character, State vs. Howat, 107 kan. 423, 191 P 585, 589;

The criminal court is an inferior court because it is operating according to special rules (criminal code) and not according to the common law. Even if its name is "Superior Court of ....." it is still an inferior court so long as it is operating according to some code or statutes rather than the common law.

On the other hand, a court of record(a "Tribunal" one of the People) so long as it meets the criteria, is a true superior court.

CA Gov't Code Section 11120
It is the public policy of this state that public agencies exist to aid in the conduct of the people’s business and the proceedings of public agencies be conducted openly so that the public may remain informed.In enacting this article the Legislature finds and declares that it is the intent of the law that actions of state agencies be taken openly and that their deliberation be conducted openly.
 

The people of this state do not yield their sovereignty to the agencies which serve them. 

 The people, in delegating authority, do not give their public servants the right to decide what is good for the people to know and what is not good for them to know. The people insist on remaining informed so that they may retain control over the instruments they have created.This article shall be known and may be cited as the Bagley-Keene Open Meeting Act.

Title 28-JUDICIARY AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURE PART IV-JURISDICTION AND VENUE CHAPTER 85-DISTRICT COURTS; JURISDICTION

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§1361. Action to compel an officer of the United States to perform his duty

The district courts shall have original jurisdiction of any action in the nature of mandamus to compel an officer or employee of the United States or any agency thereof to perform a duty owed to the plaintiff.

(Added Pub. L. 87–748, §1(a), Oct. 5, 1962, 76 Stat. 744 .)

MANDAMUS, practice. The name of a writ, the principal word of which when the proceedings were in Latin, was mandamus, we command. mandamus(man-dame-us) n. Latin for "we order," a writ (more modernly called a "writ of mandate") which orders a public agency or governmental body to perform an act required by law when it has neglected or refused to do so.    Continued education link: https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Mandamus+petition

2. It is a command issuing in the name of the sovereign authority (We the People) from a superior court ( see; court of record) having jurisdiction, and is directed to some person, corporation, or, inferior court, within the jurisdiction of such superior court, (Tribunal-Principal-Beneficiary in his court of record) requiring them to do some particular thing therein specified, which appertains to their office and duty, and which the superior court has previously determined, or at least supposes to be consonant to right and justice. 20 Pick. 484; 21 Pick. 258; Dudley, 37; 4 Humph. 437.

Title 28 U.S. Code § 454 - Practice of law by justices and judges

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Any justice or judge appointed under the authority of the United States who engages in the practice of law is guilty of a high misdemeanor.(LAW can only be practiced by the TRIBUNAL or SPECIAL MASTER in a court of record) (June 25, 1948, ch. 646, 62 Stat. 908.)

Canon 3228; A Roman Court does not operate according to any true rule of law, but by presumptions of the law. Therefore, if presumptions presented by the private Bar Guild are not rebutted they become fact and are therefore said to stand true [Or as "truth in commerce'] (Truth in "commerce" is not TRUTH IN "LAW") ( commerce only functions through the "PERSON" and that venue is SHUT DOWN!!!) Law can only be practiced by a Tribunal or Special Master in his or her court of record. 

 [This includes the dead legal fiction non-human "PERSON" that corporate¬≠ governments rules and regulations are written fo *]  

Therefore Title 26 USC SEC 7806; NO legislative construction means "NO TRUTH IN COMMERCE"!!! NO jurisdiction, no contractual agreement, no authority, no attorneys, no justices or judges, no Private BAR guild, and NO (12) PRESUMPTIONS There are twelve (12) key presumptions asserted by the private Bar Guilds which if unchallenged (LEGISLATIVE CONSTRUCTION IS BOTH VERBAL & WRITTEN FORM; Therefore the presentment of any presumption, inferences, implications of any legislative construction is FRAUD, SEDITION, & TREASON) No stand  No true being Public Record, Public Service NO, Public Oath NO, Immunity, Summons NO, Custody, Court of Guardians NO, Court of Trustees NO, Government as Executor/Beneficiary NO, Executor De Son Tort NO, Incompetence, and Guilt NO: LAW can only be practiced by and through the Tribunal/Special Master in a court of record, the only judicial court in the California Republic. Continued education link: https://statenational-downloads.s3.amazonaws.com/education/twelve-presumptions.pdf

NO JURISDICTION IN ANY STATE, UNITED STATES, DISTRICT COURT, U.S. AGENCY, OR EQUITY, ADMIRALTY, COURT, (ONLY IN A COURT OR RECORD THROUGH A TRIBUNAL OR SPECIAL MASTER) “Jurisdiction means the power of a court (ONLY IN A COURT OF RECORD WITH A TRIBUNAL OR SPECIAL MASTER) to hear and determine a cause, which power is conferred by a constitution (California Constitution Article VI – Judicial Section 1. SEE ABOVE) or statute, (Statutes only reference Dead legal fiction "PERSON" title 26 u.s.c. sec 7806; NO means NO) or both(Only in a court of record).” Penn v. Com. 528 S.E.2d 179, 32 Va. App. 422 (2000)

Without jurisdiction, (ALL ADMINISTRATION OF ANY PROCEEDING OUT SIDE OF A COURT OF RECORD ARE A NULLITY) criminal proceedings are a nullity.” State v. Inglin, 592 N. W.2d 666, 274 Wis.2d 764 (1999) ; TITLE 26 U.S. Code § 7402 - Jurisdiction of district courts; is defined in Title 26; which provides no authority it is only defining (Fraud) markets; No Legislative Construction means, No legal affect, NO JURISDICTION PERIOD; (a)To issue orders, processes, and judgments; The district courts of the "United States" at the instance of the "United States" (The "United States" defined in Title 26;)  shall have such jurisdiction to "make and issue" (No Jurisdiction, No Authority, No Legislative Construction)   in civil actions, writs and orders of injunction, and of ne exeat republica, orders appointing receivers, and such other orders and processes, and to render such judgments and decrees as may be "necessary or appropriate"(No legal affect, or No legislative Construction, NO Means NO) for the enforcement of the internal revenue laws. The remedies hereby provided are in addition to and not exclusive of any and all other remedies of the "United States" in such courts or otherwise to enforce such laws.; LAW's of the United States are not LAW!!! Period, and have no legal affect!!! Continued education link: https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/26/7402#a 

Power Over Places Purchased:   Article I, Section 8, Clause 17: (Title 26 U.S.C. SEC 7806; No Power; No jurisdiction; No authority over; "we the people")  

[The Congress shall have Power . . . ] To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of Government of the United States, ("United States" is defined in Title 26 U.S.C. Sec 7806;)  and to exercise like Authority over all Places( No legal affect; NO MEANS NO! NO JURISDICTION PERIOD!) purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;–And; Continued education link: https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution-conan/article-1/section-8/clause-17/power-over-places-purchased

SEA JURISDICTION Law of the Sea for ”U.S. Citizens” based on Admiralty, Maritime and Martial Law using Judges, Attorneys and Clerks operates( Equity & Admiralty Courts all shut down by Title 26 USC Sec 7806;) in international commerce as an INCORPORATED democracy exercising the Constitution of the United States of America Act of Congress:

 Article I, Section 8, Clause 17; Continued Education see link; https://constitution.congress.gov/browse/article-1/section-8/clause-17/

Populated by “citizens” born “missing at sea, and presumed dead,” existing only as corporate “PERSONS” and "legal fictions" to be "farmed", "mortgaged", "taxed" and "warred upon". 

Person* - defined at Title 26 U.S.C. §7701(a) (1)* only referencing statutory legal fictions: The term “person” shall be construed to mean and include an individual, a trust, estate, partnership, association, company or corporation. Title 15 U.S. Code § 7 - “Person” or “persons” defined U.S. Code prev | next

The word “person”*, or “persons”*, wherever used in sections 1 to 7 of this title shall be deemed to include corporations and associations existing under or authorized by the* laws of either the “United States”*, the laws of any of the Territories, the laws of any State*, or the laws of any foreign country. (July 2, 1890, ch. 647, § 8, 26 Stat. 210.)

Operates as a covert criminal syndicate utilizing lies, injustice and perpetual war

America is not THE UNITED STATES, INC. continued education link: http://annavonreitz.com/americanotunitedstates.pdf

NO ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES ACT; Administrative Procedure Act United States [1946]

(a) AGENCY. —"Agency" means each authority (whether or not within or subject to review by another agency) or the Government of the United States other than Congress, the courts, or the governments of the possessions, Territories, or the District of Columbia. (ADMINISTERING ANY ESTATE TRUST IS PROHIBITED BY TITLE 26 U.S.C. SEC 7806;)

NO POWERS OF ATTORNEY THROUGH ANY ESTATE TRUST (the "PERSON" is prohibited from representation according to Title 26 U.S.C. Sec 7806; NO MEANS NO!) 

NO AGENCY OR AGENTS WHO DO NOT FOLLOW THE PRINCIPALS DIRECTION (Tribunals-principals-beneficiaries are we the people / men & woman); Canon 2057 Any Administrator or Executor that refuses to immediately dissolve a Cestui Que (Vie) Trust, upon a "Person" (Tribunal-principal-beneficiary) establishing their status and competency, is guilty of fraud and fundamental breach of their fiduciary duties requiring their immediate removal and punishment. One (man or woman aka..Principal of their estate trust "PERSON") can take control of it the Trust Estate or “Dissolve” it completely(we recommend 90% liquidation down to 10% for titling & administration purposes)  and move all Asset to your own account and take control of your Copyright Name and NAME Trademark and Trade-name.; The Man or Woman; legal entity fiction "PERSON"  defined at Title 26 U.S.C. §7701(a)(1) only referencing statutory legal fictions:

NO HEALTH CARE SYSTEM ( PROVIDING CARE FOR ANY ESTATE TRUST) 

The California Department of Public Health:  Question: How can I obtain marriage, divorce, "birth" (Registrants estate, the "Person" of the "Personal treaties"  which relate exclusively to the "persons" of the contracting sovereigns), or death certificates? Continued education link: https://cdph.govqa.us/WEBAPP/_rs/(S(gkfe4i2wzh5yp5bgeih23wnt))/AnswerDetail.aspx?sSessionID=&aid=12348

Answer: Vital records (described as certificates/documents pertaining to birth, death, marriage, divorce, adoption or paternity) are exempt from the Public Records Act (Gov. Code 6250) and cannot be processed through the CDPH Public Records Center.  Please visit the website below to obtain the records you are looking for: CDPH Vital Records  

The application to receive a copy of the birth Certificate/Security Banknote of the registrants (Contracting Sovereigns exclusive "Person" the "VESSEL") Estate "Person" Trust states in box four. 

Any "person"(Subcontracted by an Agency or financial organization)or "agency"(governmental entity) empowered by statute or appointed by a court to act on behalf of the registrant or the registrant’s estate. (Include a copy of the "power of attorney" or documentation identifying you as executor.) 

Continued education link: https://www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/CHSI/CDPH%20Document%20Library/VS111.pdf

NO PROPERTY TAX (LAND PATENTS FOR THE PEOPLE WHO OWN LAND)

NO INCOME TAX (THERE IS NO INCOME ONLY EXCHANGE OF GOODS AND SERVICES)TITLE 31 U.S.C. SEC 321 (d)(2)For purposes of the Federal income, estate, and gift taxes, property accepted under paragraph (1) shall be considered as a gift or bequest to or for the use of the United States. 

(1)The Secretary of the Treasury may accept, hold, administer, and use gifts and bequests of property, both real and personal, for the purpose of aiding or facilitating the work of the Department of the Treasury. Gifts and bequests of "money" (legal tender; is not MONEY see below) and the proceeds from sales of other property received as gifts or bequests shall be deposited in the Treasury in a separate fund and shall be disbursed on order of the Secretary of the Treasury. Property accepted under this paragraph, and the proceeds thereof, shall be used as nearly as possible in accordance with the terms of the gift or bequest. continued education link; https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/31/321

Legal Tender: Legal Tender Primary tabs; Legal Tender refers to all U.S. coins and currency that issued by the government. U.S. Cash dollars are also a valid form of legal tender. continued education link: https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/legal_tender

MONEY: Gold, silver, and some other less precious metals, in the progress of civilization and commerce, have become the common standards of value; in order to avoid the delay and inconvenience of regulating their weight and quality whenever passed, the governments of the civilized world have caused them to be manufactured in certain portions, and marked with a Stamp which attests their value; this is called money. 1 Inst. 207; 1 Hale's Hist. 188; 1 Pardess. n. 22; Dom. Lois civ. liv. prel. t. 3, s. 2, n. 6.

Money "does not include treasury notes". Foquet v. Headley, 3 Conn. 534, 536.

In legal acceptation, "money" means current metallic coins; therefore, an indictment for embezzling "money" is not sustainable by proof of embezzling greenbacks or national currency notes." Block v. State, 41 Tex. 620, 622.  

The term "money" does not include bank notes. They pass as cash, and constitute a part of the circulating medium, and for many purposes are to be considered as money; but, in the strict sense of the term, they are not included therein." Dowdle v. Corpening, 32 N.C. 58,60.

"Money," as used in the Crimes Act, section 13, providing that any "person" stealing any money, the property of another, shall be guilty of larceny, cannot be construed to include bank bills, for strictly bank bills are not money, though for many purposes they are treated as such." Johnson v. State, 11 Ohio St. 324,325.  

The term "money," in the statute defining robbery as taking from the "person" (VESSEL) of another any money or personal property of any value whatsoever, with force and violence, and with intent to steal or rob, does not include bank notes." Turner v. State, 1 Ohio St. 422,426. 

"Federal Reserve Notes are not dollars." U.S. Treasury, General Counsel, Munk. 

Both notes and checks are acknowledgments of indebtedness and promise of payment." Hegeman v. Moon, 131 N.Y. 462, 30 N.E. 487. Smith v. Treuhart et al, 223 N.Y.S. 481; 

NO POLICE TRAFFIC STOPS OR SHERIFFS STOPS (ONLY TRAVELERS FREE TO TRAVEL);Traveler. Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1914 ed. One who passes from place to place, whether for pleasure, instruction, business, or health." Locket v State, 47 Ala. 45; 

NO CASH-ABLE CONTRACTS VERBAL & ESPECIALLY WRITTEN (THROUGH ANY ESTATE TRUST PERIOD!!!) 

NO FINANCIAL SYSTEM (JUST FRAUD TITLE 26 U.S.C. SEC 7806; IS A PROHIBITION ON THE ESTATE TRUST SECURITY THE "PERSON" LEGAL ENTITY FICTION; BIRTH CERTIFICATE BANKNOTE SECURITY NUMBER FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT)This prohibition shuts down the financial system (Federal Reserve System; link http://www.afn.org/~govern/mcfadden.html in total) in many ways and forces the fraud structure out in the open for viewing. The secured party creditor is the fiction legal entity your estate trust. This financial instrument (bill of exchange) provides the credit in the first place there is no need for a repayment contractual agreement especially when legislative construction is prohibited through Title 26 u.s.c. sec 7806; not to mention the original invasion and destruction of your rights at your birth by the creation of the estate trust(statutory dead legal fiction) without your knowledge. The remedy for all this is Title 26 U.S.C. Sec 7806; Continued education link: https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/12  

NO LENDING OR REAL BANKING THROUGH ANY ESTATE TRUST / THE ONLY MONEY IS GOLD & SILVER;"It is not within those statutory powers for a national bank, even though solvent, to lend its credit to another in any of the various ways in which that might be done." Federal Intermediate Credit Bank v. L 'Herrison, 33 F 2d 841, 842 (1929).

THE ESTATE TRUST (REGISTRANT) "PERSON"  "VESSEL" "LEGAL ENTITY" Record indices IS LOCATED IN THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH; Ca Health & Safety Code Sec 102100 & 102230 & 102430

Continued education Document link: fb55f2d9-00b4-4f5b-a0d8-7be6328b69d9 

CA Health & Safety Code Section 102100: Each live birth, fetal death, death, and marriage that occurs in the state shall be registered as provided in this part on the prescribed certificate forms. In addition, a report of every judgment of dissolution of marriage, legal separation, or nullity decree shall be filed with the State Registrar, as provided in this part. All confidential information included in birth, fetal death, death, and marriage certificates and reports of dissolution of marriage, legal separation, or nullity that are required to be filed by this part, shall be exempt from the California Public Records Act contained in Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 6250) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code.

Continued education link: https://california.public.law/codes/ca_health_and_safety_code_section_102100

CA Health & Safety Code Section 102230;(a)(1), (3), (c)(5), (c)(3);

(a) (1)The State Registrar shall arrange and permanently preserve the certificates in a systematic manner and shall prepare and maintain comprehensive and continuous indices of all certificates registered. 

Continued educations link: https://california.public.law/codes/ca_health_and_safety_code_section_102230

(3)Notwithstanding paragraph (2), the State Registrar, at his or her discretion, may release comprehensive birth, death, and non-confidential marriage record indices to a government agency. The comprehensive birth record indices released to the county recorder shall be subject to the same restrictions applicable to the confidential portion of a certificate of live birth, as specified in Section 102430. 

(c)(5)The birth, death, and non-confidential marriage record indices prepared pursuant to this subdivision shall be made available to financial institutions, as defined in Section 6827(4)(A) and (B) of Title 15 of the United States Code, its representatives or contractors, consumer credit reporting agencies, as defined in subdivision (d) of Section 1785.3 of the Civil Code, its representatives or contractors, those "entities" providing information services for purposes of law enforcement or preventing fraud, officers of the court for the sole purpose of verifying a death, and to "persons" or "entities" acting on behalf of law enforcement agencies or the court, or pursuant to a court order.

(c)(1)The State Registrar shall prepare and maintain separate non-comprehensive indices of all California birth, death, and non-confidential marriage records for purposes of law enforcement or preventing fraud.

(3)For purposes of this section, non-comprehensive death record indices for the purpose of preventing fraud shall be comprised of first, middle, and last name, place of death, mother’s maiden name, sex, social security number, date of birth, place of birth, date of death, and father’s last name.

California Code, Health and Safety Code - HSC § 102430;

(a) The second section of the certificate of live birth as specified in subdivision (b) of Section 102425, the electronic file of birth information collected pursuant to subparagraphs (B) to (I), inclusive, of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 102426, the birth mother linkage collected pursuant to Section 102425.2, and the second section of the certificate of fetal death as specified in Section 103025, are confidential. Access to the confidential portion of any certificate of live birth or fetal death, the electronic file of birth information collected pursuant to subparagraphs (B) to (I), inclusive, of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 102426, and the birth mother linkage collected pursuant to Section 102425.2 shall be limited to the following:

Continued education link: https://california.public.law/codes/ca_health_and_safety_code_section_102425

Continued education link: https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/health-and-safety-code/hsc-sect-102430/ 

Continued education link: https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/health-and-safety-code/hsc-sect-103025/

(1) Department staff.

(6) The person named on the certificate. (Tribunal/Special Master access only) 

California Government Code Section 6250: In enacting this chapter, the Legislature, mindful of the right of individuals to privacy, finds and declares that access to information concerning the conduct of the people’s business is a fundamental and necessary right of every person in this state. 

Continued education link: https://california.public.law/codes/ca_gov't_code_section_6250

Title 15 U.S. Code § 6827 - Definitions For purposes of this sub-chapter, the following definitions shall apply:

(1)Customer

The term “customermeans, with respect to a financial institution, any person (or authorized representative of a "person" legal entity "VESSEL" estate trust: aka; has a "Power of Attorney") to whom the financial institution provides a product or service, including that of acting as a fiduciary.

(2)Customer information of a financial institution

The term “customer information of a financial institution” means any information maintained by or for a financial institution which is derived from the relationship between the financial institution and a customer of the financial institution and is identified with the customer.

(3)Document The term documentmeans any information in any form.

(4)Financial institution: (A)In general; The termfinancial institution” means any institution engaged in the business of providing financial services to customers who maintain a credit, deposit, trust, or other financial account or relationship with the institution.

Continued education link: https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/15/6827

California Civil Code Section 1785.3 (j) The following terms as used in this title have the meaning expressed in this section:

“Adverse action” means a denial or revocation of credit, a change in the terms of an existing credit arrangement which is adverse to the interests of the consumer, or a refusal to grant credit in substantially the amount or on substantially the terms requested. “Adverse action” includes all of the following:

(j) “Person” means any individual, partnership, corporation, trust, estate, cooperative, association, government or governmental subdivision or agency, or other entity.(See Sec 7806 of Title 26 U.S.C.; No Legislative Construction;) 

Continued education link: https://california.public.law/codes/ca_civ_code_section_1785.3

NO SECURITIES, OR BONDS, INSURANCE BONDS, TAX BONDS, (TREASURIES CONSISTING OF BONDS CREATED THROUGH THE BIRTH CERTIFICATE BANK NOTE NUMBER) ETC.......

NO COURT ORDERS (UNLESS ISSUED IN A COURT OF RECORD BY A TRIBUNAL)

NO COURT, ADMIRALTY OR EQUITY (ONLY A COURT OF RECORD)The word "court" is often employed in statutes otherwise than in its strict technical sense, and is applied to various tribunals not judicial in their character, State vs. Howat, 107 kan. 423, 191 P 585, 589; 

The Constitution of the United States of America; Article. III.

Section. 1. The "judicial Power" of the United States (Courts of Record; see Blacks Law 4 edition link; :https://www.1215.org/lawnotes/dictionaries/1968_blacks_law_dictionary_4th_ed.pdf  ; see page 425-426 ) shall be vested in one supreme Court (a Court of Record);  (SEE DEFINITION OF COURT OF RECORD ABOVE) and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges,(Tribunals after Aug 16 1954 only tribunals have authority to practice LAW there are only Courts of Record) (SEE TITLE 28 U.S.C. SEC 453; 454; 1361;)  both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office. (u)...

Section. 2. The judicial Power (A "court of record" is a "judicial" tribunal when under command of a "Tribunal"aka we the people) shall "extend to all Cases", in Law (Common Law; Court of record) and Equity,(Laws of the "United States" No mean No Title 26 u.s.c. sec 7806;) arising under this Constitution, (Republic & Common law Court of record) the Laws of the United States, (Title 26 USC Sec 7806; Limited to DC. Only) and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority; — to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls; — to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction; — to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party;to Controversies between two or more States; between a State and Citizens of another State [Modified by Amendment XI]; — between Citizens of different States;between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects. (See Title 26 U.S.C. SEC 7806; for discretion or ask the Tribunal for clarity) Continued education link: https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/articleiii

NO TREATIES WITH THE BAR https://educate-yourself.org/cn/attorneysarenotlawyers13mar05.shtml OR CHARTERS 

NO TO THE TWELVE PRESUMPTIONS OF COURT https://statenational-downloads.s3.amazonaws.com/education/twelve-presumptions.pdf

NO HOLY WATER (ALL CREDIT-CAPITAL "CURRENCY" IS HELD IN THE ESTATE TRUSTS; IN CONTROL OF BY TRIBUNAL-PRINCIPAL-BENEFICIARY)

NO STATUTORY LEGAL FICTION ENTITY "PERSON" ESTATE TRUST! THE WHOLE SYSTEM REVOLVES AROUND PERIOD!!! NO ADMINISTRATION AT ALL!!!

Statutes of Westminster; The First 1275
Imperial Act

For the maintaining of Peace and Justice

First the King willeth and commandeth,

 that the peace of Holy Church and of the land,

 be well kept and maintained in all points, 

and that common right be done to all, 

as well poor as rich,

 without respect of persons. LINK: https://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/imperial/1275/0001/latest/whole.html

Deuteronomy 1:17; Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; ye shall hear the small and the great alike; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's:

PROVERBS 24:23 KJ21 These sayings also belong to the wise: It is not good to have respect of persons in judgment

Deuteronomy 16:19; Thou shalt not wrest judgment; thou shalt not respect persons, neither take a gift; for a gift doth blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous.

Factus Homo Factor Hominis Factique Redemptor Iudico Corporeus Corpora Corda Deus

John 8:12: "I am the light of the world, who follows me will not wander in the darkness but will have the light of life."

Continued education link: https://latindiscussion.org/threads/factus-homo-factor-hominis-factique-redemptor-iudico-corporeus-corpora-corda-deus.17213/

Factus (make/build/construct/create/cause/do)  Homo (related to modern humans, ) Factor (One who acts for someone else; an agent.) Hominis (a human parasite) Factique ( failure of a material, Redemptor (one who pays another's debt) Iudico (judgment) Corporeus ( of the body ) Corpora (writings of a specific kind)  Corda (vocal )  Deus(Latin word for "god" or "deity".

Here are  the words from above defined in English however in Latin it is a blend to express this message.

In the modern definition as defined by the Tribunal /Special Master

Any agent, officer, executive, sheriff, administrator, Doctor, clerk, Judge, Justice, Magistrate, governmental entity,  who fails his duty, and obligation, to the people by their decree, and breaches sec (a) & (b) of 7806 of title 26 U.S. code;  (b) Arrangement and classification: No inference, implication, or presumption of legislative construction shall be drawn or made by reason of the location or grouping of any particular section or provision or portion of this title; will face the wrath of God in judgment (In a court of record under command of a Tribunal/Spacial Master in a competent jurisdiction)  and becomes the trustee / Redemptor to provide remedy for the piracy (parasitical crime) privateering, fraud sedition, and treason, committed on the people of this republic may god have mercy on your soul because the people will not!!! 

BY Decree of the tribunal/special master, by direction from GOD!!!      

PAX CHRISTI IN REGNO CHRISTI BY ARCHBISHOP CARLO MARIA VIGANÒ 

Continued education link: https://www.bitchute.com/video/jB6AT2kGg00n/

GOD CREATED MAN & WOMAN AND BY THE WORD OF GOD MAN & WOMAN (CONTRACTING SOVEREIGNS) THROUGH THE "PERSON"  THE "VESSEL"  TO DECREE THE LAW OF GOD THROUGH AGENT'S OF THE AGENCY'S CREATED BY MAN & WOMAN!!!

CONTINUED EDUCATION LINK: https://www.bitchute.com/video/wxcw5ZbZD1GH/

“Person” means … an individual, a firm, a partnership, an association, a fiduciary, an executor or administrator, a governmental entity, a limited liability company, or a corporation. Indiana Code, Title 9, Motor Vehicles, Article 13, General Provisions and Definitions, Chapter 2, Definitions IC. 9-13-2-124, Person, Section 124 Subsection a. 

legal "person" A legal person is a human or a non-human legal entity that is treated as a person for legal purposes. A legal person is capable of engaging in all usual legal business that a real person can participate in, such as suing, being sued, owning property, and entering into contracts

The concept of legal person-hood is especially popular in business law, where business organizations like corporations, partnerships, and limited liability companies possess legal person-hood. As a result, these statutorily created entities are able to be treated as legally distinct from their shareholders and officers

The legal person-hood of legal entities is also understood to afford some constitutional rights to these entities, including the due process and equal protection aspects of the Fourteenth Amendment. This aspect of legal person-hood featured prominently in the Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010) decision upholding political campaign contributions as an exercise of a corporation’s free speech rights.

A legal person may also be referred to as a fictitious person or an artificial person

Continued education link: https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/legal_person

All legally generated fictional “persons” are debtors by default, because they are created without any inherent productive capacity. Their inferior status is indicated by the use of written styles other than proper English grammar, and/or by “joining” the “family name/surname/last name” which is not part of a man/woman's appellation “Given name” Estate (Trust) Title, and legally dead, having no autonomous life.(Note; Title 26 U.S.C. Sec 7806; no legal effect through the use of the "Person" estate trust (Legal entity; VESSEL) through joining or joinder as noted above in the BAR presumption of a admiralty or equity court)  Regardless of writing styles, combining a “Given name” with a “Family name” always forms an artificial legal “person”, e.g. JOHN DOE, and John Doe, are both artificial legal “persons”(Note; both versions are as defined in sec 7806 of title 26 U.S.C. and having no legal effect)  

Continued education link; https://livingintheprivate.blogspot.com/p/what-is-person.html

Title 28 U.S. Code § 453 - Oaths of justices and judges

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Each justice or judge of the United States shall take the following oath or affirmation before performing the duties of his office: “I, ___ ___, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will administer justice without respect to "persons", and do equal right to the poor and to the rich, and that I will faithfully and impartially discharge and perform all the duties incumbent upon me as ___ under the Constitution and laws of the "United States".(Take note; Title 26 u.s.c. sec 7806; laws of the united states have no legal affect) So help me God.”

(June 25, 1948, ch. 646, 62 Stat. 907; Pub. L. 101–650, title IV, § 404, Dec. 1, 1990, 104 Stat. 5124.)

An “entity” refers to a “person” or organization possessing separate and distinct legal rights, such as an individual, partnership, or corporation. An entity can, among other things, own property, engage in business, enter into contracts, pay taxes, sue and be sued. An entity is capable of operating legally, suing and making decisions through ("agents” "is prohibited"), only special master services or TRIBUNALS-PRINCIPAL- BENEFICIARY only. Any decision making through any agency's, and/or any agent of a corporation, a state, or an association is prohibited by Title 26 U.S.C. Sec 7806; period.

(1) Person - defined at Title 26 U.S.C. §7701(a)(1) only referencing statutory legal fictions: https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/26/7701 & link https://www.law.cornell.edu/definitions/uscode.php?width=840&height=800&iframe=true&def_id=26-USC-991716523-454322957&term_occur=999&term_src=title:26:subtitle:F:chapter:79:section:7701

 

(2) U.S. person - defined at Title 26 U.S.C. §7701(a) (30) only referencing statutory legal fictions: https://www.law.cornell.edu/definitions/uscode.php?width=840&height=800&iframe=true&def_id=26-USC-1081524982-1199109669&term_occur=999&term_src=title:26:subtitle:F:chapter:79:section:7701

 

(3) Taxpayer - defined at Title 26 U.S.C. §7701(a) (14) references any 'person' subject:  to:https://www.law.cornell.edu/definitions/uscode.php?height=800&def_id=26-USC-261978486-1199109727&term_occur=999&term_src=title:26:subtitle:F:chapter:79:section:7701

 

. United States citizen – defined at Title 26 U.S.C. Sec 7701 (a) (30) (A); a citizen or resident of the United States, Continued education link: 26 USC § 7701(a)(30)

 

United States defined at Title 26 U.S.C. Sec 7701 (a) (9); the term “United States” when used in a geographical sense includes only the States and the District of Columbia.The term “United States” is defined in Title 31 U.S.C. SEC 321(d) (1)(2) and in Title 26 U.S.C sec 7001 as meaning the federal government in the District of Columbia and it is not defined as the 50 states of the union per Title 26 U.S.C. 7408 (d); Citizens and residents outside the United States If any citizen or resident of the United States does not reside in, and does not have his principal place of business in, any United States judicial district, such citizen or resident shall be treated for purposes of this section as residing in the District of Columbia. Continued education link:26 USC § 7701(a)(9)  & Continued education link:https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/31/321; seeTitle 31 USC SEC 321(d)(1)(2) & United States;link:https://www.law.cornell.edu/definitions/uscode.php?width=840&height=800&iframe=true&def_id=26-USC-2032517217-454322949&term_occur=999&term_src=

(Added Pub. L. 97–248, title III, § 321(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 612; amended Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title I, § 143(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 682; Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, § 820(a), (b)(1), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1585.)

State defined at Title 26 U.S.C. Sec 7701 (a)(10); The term “State” shall be construed to include the District of Columbia, where such construction is necessary to carry out provisions of this title. Continued education link: 26 USC § 7701(a)(10)& link:https://www.law.cornell.edu/definitions/uscode.php?width=840&height=800&iframe=true&def_id=26-USC-80204913-1199109731&term_occur=999&term_src=

 

NO! MEANS NO !!!

 Definitions of legislative construction of title/word etc.Title 26 U.S.C. Sec 7806 Link :https://uscode.house.gov/view.xhtml?req=granuleid:USC-prelim-title26-section7806&num=0&edition=prelim

§7806. Construction of title

(a) Cross references

The cross references in this title to other portions of the title, or other provisions of law, where the word "see" is used, are made only for convenience, and shall be given no legal effect.

(b) Arrangement and classification

No inference, implication, or presumption of legislative construction; LEGISLATIVE POWER. The authority under the constitution (The Vessel F/T Republic is standing and under the command of the Tribunal) to make laws and to alter or repeal them. CONSTRUCTION, practice. It is defined by Mr. Powell to be "the drawing in inference by the act of reason, as to the intent of an instrument, from given circumstances, upon principles deduced from men's general motives, conduct and action."This definition may, perhaps, not be sufficiently complete, inasmuch as the term instrument generally implies something reduced into writing, whereas construction, is equally necessary to ascertain the meaning of engagements merely verbal. In other respects, it appears to be perfectly accurate.

Artifice employed; see Title 18 U.S.C. SEC 1001; (NO ADMINISTRATION ( NO A.P.A. ) OF ANY  LEGAL ENTITIES "PERSON" or "PERSONS"; IN THE UNITED STATES OR ANY STATE; NO COMMERCIAL CONTRACTS  VERBAL OR WRITTEN; THROUGH ANY AGENCY ADMINISTRATING A LEGAL ENTITY, OR ANY ADMIRALTY OR EQUITY COURT, NO JURISDICTION; NO ARRANGEMENT; NO COURT ORDERS, SUMMONS, TICKETS, NO INCOME TAX OR PROPERTY TAX; NO DEMOCRACY; NO REPUBLICAN OR DEMOCRATIC PARTY;  NO REAL STATE GOVERNMENT NO REAL FEDERAL GOVERNMENT; NO UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT;  NO GOVERNMENT AUTHORITY (only we the people; in a our court of record; under command of A Tribunal or Special Master = LAW is KING;  NO FEDERAL RESERVE; NO FINANCIAL SYSTEM; NO MORTGAGES; NO LENDING; NO legal Tender(only Gold & Silver Money); NO BONDS NO TREASURES OR A FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS CONNECTED TO ANY ESTATE TRUST; NO! MEANS NO!); shall be drawn or made by reason of the location or grouping of any particular section or provision or portion of this title, nor shall any table of contents, table of cross references, or similar outline, analysis, or descriptive matter relating to the contents of this title be given any legal effect. The preceding sentence also applies to the side-notes and ancillary tables contained in the various prints of this Act before its enactment into law.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 917 .)

 

WHAT DOES IT ALL MEAN!!! 

ASK!!! THE TRIBUNAL-PRINCIPAL-BENEFICIARY !!!

FINAL LECTURE... AN EXPOSÉ ON SECRET SOCIETIES tools of men and woman review this carefully and discuss its points and reference them to the above knowledge to determine your conclusions on who A ton really is ____________: 

Continued education link: https://www.bitchute.com/video/GUvxrXbTyRv2/  

"Time cannot render valid an act void in its origin." – Maxim of Law

 

Art of Law is civilized warfare 

Art of War

Know thy self, know thy enemy. A thousand battles, a thousand victories.

Sun Tzu      

Continued education link:https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/sun_tzu_384112 

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